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The underrated stock survey! Submit your picks for the community to track

Following on the previous tracking post (http://redd.it/i2mmzg) and the highly upvoted request from DJ-Ascii , I've set up this post for another round of underrated or undervalued stock picks.
As before, let us know what stock you believe is underrated and a consistent winner that has done well for you, or you believe will do well going forward.
In order to make this easier to track please use the following guidelines for submitting.
  1. Only one submission per comment. You can make multiple comments, but please only submit one stock per comment.
  2. Please include at least the ticker and the company name. Feel free to explain why you think this is a good stock.
I'll add these new picks alongside the old survey so as to update you on each portfolio over time. Don't worry about any overlaps.
Edit 1: I've compiled everyone who has posted so far, but I'll look out for any final additions tomorrow. The list will then be locked EOD on Friday the 7th of August, and all prices will start from there.
Edit 2: All picks have now been locked down and consolidated into the list below. Stocks are sorted in alphabetical order of their company name and the ID corresponds to the approximate order in which they were submitted. The next update will be in 30 days.
ID Company Symbol Provided by Upvotes 8/7/2020
194 10X Genomics Inc TXG Unlucky-Prize 1 $96.13
111 1ST TR EXCHANGE/NASDAQ CEA CYBERSEC CIBR komoggmu321 1 $35.40
176 2U Inc TWOU DickDaddy 1 $41.49
110 AAR Corp. AIR paulo92834 4 $18.77
180 ACM Research Inc ACMR moveitover 1 $101.92
23 Activision Blizzard, Inc. ATVI Mondanivalo 12 $82.47
8 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. AMD ArneGo, apqwer, LoveOfProfit 13 $84.85
28 Ageagle Aerial Systems Inc UAVS fishkillr 16 $3.26
205 Agraflora Organics International Inc AGRA spreeshark 1 $0.05
22 Air Canada TSE:AC priamXus 0 $15.73
19 Alexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ALXN fisk47 39 $103.28
70 Alibaba Group Holding Ltd - ADR BABA helio987, ScreeMart, Necessary_Club_6714 -1 $252.10
17 Ally Financial Inc ALLY jcurtis44 1 $21.47
24 Alteryx Inc AYX Kme2 30 $121.38
222 Altimmune Inc ALT Spes-Caritas 1 $27.38
117 Altria Group Inc MO ARGENT_UM_PUR, gm14202 1 $42.17
143 American Tower Corp AMT editviewgo 1 $257.61
175 American Water Works Company Inc AWK InfamousLegato 1 $149.79
183 Anglo Asian Mining LON:AAZ krenaldi1 1 $161.50
129 Aphria Inc APHA Aprhria, Bdghablig 1 $4.47
119 Apple Inc. AAPL tcldstnvdw -1 $444.45
184 Ares Capital Corporation ARCC ThemChecks 1 $14.87
54 ASML Holding NV ASML EthosPathosLegos, earthmoonsun 15 $366.07
113 Atlassian Corporation PLC TEAM shadowrckts 1 $170.93
224 Avalara Inc AVLR nomdeplume_alias 1 $122.71
244 Axon Enterprise Inc AAXN ansofteng 1 $83.88
150 Aytu Bioscience Inc AYTU Bkzkilla2, beefy-ambulance, subaruveganguy22 2 $1.38
236 Banco Bbva Argentina SA BBAR GAV17 1 $4.23
128 Bank of America Corp BAC oobydoobydoobydoo, wrs97 2 $26.11
247 BELLUS Health Inc BLU NhatNguyen2112 1 $2.74
29 Berkshire Hathaway Inc. Class B BRK.B Jeroen_Jrn, Cuza 31 $209.48
45 Best Buy Co Inc BBY 1madeamistake 2 $102.90
35 Beyond Meat Inc BYND Kreisensalat, Flipside 8 $131.51
33 BlackBerry Ltd BB mh1t, EthosPathosLegos 25 $4.84
208 Blackline Inc BL veebeew 2 $79.26
196 Booz Allen Hamilton Holding Corporation BAH i_smel_hookers 1 $84.67
75 Boston Beer Company Inc SAM Top_Island 2 $825.79
114 Brainstorm Cell Therapeutics Inc BCLI BigSexyTolo 2 $12.79
92 Brookfield Asset Management Inc BAM duongroi, Avaronah 2 $32.32
187 Brookfield Property Partners LP Unit BPY Onarco 1 $11.75
140 Brookfield Renewable Partners LP BEP YourPineapplePunch 1 $45.25
227 Cameco Corp CCJ jh4962772, Commandobolt, 3STmotivation 13 $10.37
109 Canadian Solar Inc. CSIQ MrMineHeads, vvv561 6 $25.32
204 Cardlytics Inc CDLX whossayn, YarManYak 2 $66.28
146 CBS Corporation Common Stock VIAC 1987supertramp 1 $26.21
74 CD PROJEKT S A/ADR OTGLY Thtb 8 $28.50
229 CDW common stock CDW plorfu 1 $114.77
95 CEL-SCI Corporation CVM Golden_Pineapple 1 $12.19
242 Chegg Inc CHGG Boots2243 1 $86.98
36 Cloudflare Inc NET thereisnospoongeek, olliemacg, Boots2243 220 $40.06
80 COLLIER CREEK H/SH CL A CCH RIC_FLAIR-WOOO 5 $13.84
246 Coty Inc COTY NhatNguyen2112 1 $4.00
209 Cresco Labs Inc CRLBF UncleSlippyFist 1 $6.28
3 Crispr Therapeutics AG CRSP emtvaikkajoku 98 $89.81
142 Crown Castle International Corp CCI jkgator 1 $168.19
16 CureVac Pending IPO Tangerinho 8 #N/A
223 CVS Health Corp CVS handsomeandsmart_ 2 $64.96
65 Cyberark Software Ltd CYBR Kevenam 2 $110.59
239 CytoDyn Inc CYDY dufmum 1 $4.79
165 Daqo New Energy Corp DQ stonk_daddy 1 $122.55
241 DexCom, Inc. DXCM InformalAid 1 $440.70
6 Dicerna Pharmaceuticals Inc DRNA earthmoonsun 7 $21.03
73 Digital Turbine Inc APPS toop4 6 $22.59
130 Docusign Inc DOCU h3ku, Teach-101 0 $204.76
185 Draftkings Inc DKNG boomshalock 1 $34.09
39 Drive Shack Inc DS Bobjenkins97 2 $1.65
4 Editas Medicine Inc EDIT earthmoonsun 7 $34.71
145 Edwards Lifesciences Corp EW TheTubbyOlive 1 $76.94
139 EHang Holdings Ltd - ADR EH TheEUR0PEAN 1 $9.21
230 Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp SOLO IHaveUsernameBlock 1 $3.07
118 Elevate Credit Inc ELVT ScoreFuture 1 $2.58
218 Else Nutrition Holdings Inc BABYF PringlesAreUs 1 $1.36
85 Empire State Realty Trust Inc ESRT silverpaw1786 4 $6.66
21 Enphase Energy Inc ENPH deGoblin 31 $72.84
197 Equinix Inc EQIX gce1010 3 $791.70
86 Essent Group Ltd ESNT veggie-man 1 $35.82
235 Etsy Inc ETSY PeskyShart 1 $135.06
84 Fastly Inc FSLY AwesomeMathUse 3 $79.33
93 Federal National Mortgage Association FNMA figbuilding, onkel_axel 2 $2.12
168 Fire & Flower Holdings Corp TSE:FAF tobcar 1 $1.01
207 First Mining Gold Corp FFMGF RecCenterBall 0 $0.41
219 FLIR Systems, Inc. FLIR zerokarma 1 $37.48
52 Fluor Corporation (NEW) FLR lost_searching 2 $11.38
90 FORUM MERGER II/SH CL A FMCI Mug_of_coffee 3 $14.53
81 Franco Nevada Corp FNV AwesomeMathUse 1 $153.57
155 FuelCell Energy Inc FCEL i-kno-nothing, dewaser 2 $2.68
98 Games Workshop Group PLC OTCMKTS:GMWKF MAUSECOP, Thenattylimit 2 $120.95
115 GameStop Corp. GME EmployerOfTheMonth 2 $4.16
200 Gan Ltd GAN emcdeezy22 2 $20.29
159 General Motors Company GM Buttershine_Beta -1 $26.72
251 Genius Brands International Inc GNUS due11 1 $1.59
156 GFL Environmental Inc GFL lenadunhamsbutthole 1 $21.56
99 Gilead Sciences, Inc. GILD Leroy--Brown 1 $69.35
138 GLB X FUNDS/HEALTH & WELLNESS T BFIT Venhuizer 2 $20.69
126 GLB X FUNDS/VIDEO GAMES & ESPORTS E HERO sgtyzi 1 $26.00
186 Golden Minerals Co AUMN YEEEEEAAAAA 1 $0.44
151 Gran Colombia Gold Corp TSE:GCM Linnake 0 $7.46
67 Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (Btc) GBTC asherlevi 2 $13.06
234 Great Panther Mining Ltd GPL Tony0x01 1 $0.93
152 H&R Real Estate Investment Trust HR.UN CaptainCanuck93 0 $10.34
122 Helen of Troy Limited HELE aa341 1 $201.26
55 Hikma Pharmaceuticals Plc HKMPF Marvins-Room 1 $31.08
20 Horizon Therapeutics PLC HZNP thesearchforanswer 3 $76.06
103 Huntington Ingalls Industries Inc HII howtoreadspaghetti 1 $167.90
9 IAC/Interactivecorp IAC dvdmovie1 36 $133.05
61 Ibio Inc IBIO PrairieDogger69 1 $3.80
101 Immunovia AB (publ) IMMNOV jennyther 3 $161.60
108 Ingles Markets, Incorporated IMKTA kimjungoon 1 $42.97
77 Inmode Ltd INMD meta-cognizant, craneman813 4 $31.77
123 Innovative Industrial Properties Inc IIPR Dalis_Ktm 1 $114.63
201 Inseego Corp INSG esoccer141414 1 $12.08
214 Inspire Medical Systems Inc INSP JPINFV2 1 $104.92
134 Intel Corporation INTC ionlypwn, TitanCrasher54, niknikniknikniknik1 5 $48.03
5 Intellia Therapeutics Inc NTLA earthmoonsun 7 $19.83
164 Intuitive Surgical, Inc. ISRG swalloforswallo 2 $685.85
252 INVESCO EXCHANG/SOLAR ETF TAN z74al 2 $51.20
71 InVitae Corp NVTA emtvaikkajoku, CrackHeadRodeo 6 $28.43
228 ISHARES TGLB CLEAN ENERGY ET ICLN drheman25Q 1 $15.88
112 John B. Sanfilippo & Son, Inc. JBSS chris011186 2 $89.24
171 JPMorgan Chase & Co. JPM wrs97 1 $99.38
58 Jumia Technologies AG - ADR JMIA Jerund, souptrades, 7YearOldCodPlayer, CharlieBrown364, fortnitehead 7 $19.26
144 Kaleyra Inc KLR souptrades 1 $5.87
158 KEFI Minerals plc LON:KEFI Scipio-Africannabis- 1 $1.88
216 Kirkland Lake Gold Ltd KL Newusername 1 $52.58
238 Kroger Co KR bxkrish 1 $35.24
2 Lemonade Inc LMND br1ghtness, skkreet, hahadumblloyd 4 $66.84
15 Limelight Networks, Inc. LLNW cyberdex, thug_funnie 3 $6.10
63 Livongo Health Inc LVGO staniel_diverson, Raybay192, Drifter 1996, moveitover 22 $120.88
182 Logitech International SA LOGI CharlieBrown364 1 $73.03
217 LONZA GRP AG/ADR LZAGY Fuck512 1 $62.92
66 Lydall, Inc. LDL Henisockle 1 $20.89
191 Macerich Co MAC skvettlappen 1 $7.85
97 Magnachip Semiconductor Corp MX samtony234 1 $12.08
233 Mamamancini's Holdings Inc MMMB Jayesslee 1 $1.70
88 Match Group Inc MTCH BallinLikeImKobe24 1 $115.88
79 Maverix Metals Inc MMX AwesomeMathUse 1 $4.61
107 Maxar Technologies Inc MAXR Borne2Run 1 $24.74
221 Mediwound Ltd MDWD blueblade408 1 $3.91
34 Mercadolibre Inc MELI pontoumporcento 14 $1,193.97
161 Micron Technology, Inc. MU Wexoch 3 $48.75
253 Microsoft Corporation MSFT TBSchemer 34 $212.48
179 Millicom International Cellular SA(SWE) STO:TIGO-SDB joseph460 1 $245.50
116 Mills Music Trust Unit OTCMKTS:MMTRS ARGENT_UM_PUR 1 $39.00
10 Molson Coors Beverage Co Class B TAP howtoreadspaghetti 1 $37.27
170 Morgan Stanley MS wrs97 1 $50.35
127 Naspers Limited NPSNY Demandredz 1 $34.60
11 Nathan's Famous, Inc. NATH howtoreadspaghetti 1 $51.25
181 NCR Corporation NCR IAMBEOWULFF, fistymonkey1337 4 $20.11
211 NESTLE S A/S ADR NSRGY suburban_robot 1 $118.47
124 New Relic Inc NEWR Dalis_Ktm 1 $53.62
249 New York Mortgage Trust Inc NYMT ToKeepAndToHoldForev 1 $2.77
162 New York Times Co NYT jonhuang 1 $45.61
69 Nio Inc - ADR NIO makesalotofmoney, Carrera_GT, Charlie Brown364 3 $13.42
59 Nokia Oyj NOK perfectriot, LiabilityFree 52 $4.98
37 Novacyt SA ALNOV Snoopmatt 1 $3.60
254 Nuance Communications Inc. NUAN IwantmyMTZ 1 $29.48
13 NVIDIA Corporation NVDA TBSchemer, friedtea15 66 $447.98
198 NVR, Inc. NVR Linnake 1 $3,875.01
154 Okta Inc OKTA Bcr731 3 $208.23
160 Opko Health Inc. OPK CS1026 1 $5.63
100 ORSTED A/S/ADR DNNGY BrentfordFC21 2 $47.37
190 Otonomy Inc OTIC Unlucky-Prize 1 $3.56
46 Oxford BioMedica plc OXB arabidopsis 12 $850.00
121 Pacific Ethanol Inc PEIX adamtejot 1 $2.69
220 Pagerduty Inc PD throthrowth 2 $29.85
25 Pan African Resources plc PAF Fruity_Pineapple 2 $26.30
245 Paradox Interactive AB (publ) OTCMKTS:PRXXF I_worship_odin 1 $24.30
174 Patriot One Technologies Inc PTOTF DanReynolds 1 $0.73
148 Peabody Energy Corporation BTU aviatoraway1 0 $2.52
237 Peloton Interactive Inc PTON loosetingles 1 $68.30
188 Penn National Gaming, Inc PENN Calpool 1 $49.00
87 Pershing Square Tontine Holdings, Ltd NYSE:PSTH-UN 5_yr_lurker 7 $21.08
31 Pharmacyte Biotech Inc PMCB DillieTheSquid 0 $0.01
47 Pinterest Inc PINS EthanPhan 10 $34.98
149 Planet 13 Holdings Inc PLNHF MMatter1 3 $2.67
43 Plug Power Inc PLUG lukwas_ 4 $11.28
147 Polaris Infrastructure Inc RAMPF CaptainCanuck93 1 $11.50
120 Prologis Inc PLD ImPinkSnail 5 $105.07
250 PROSHARES TULTRA MSCI JAPAN EZJ Necessary_Club_6714 1 $32.13
132 PROSHARES TULTRAPRO QQQ TQQQ iggy555, Guiterrezjm6 5 $126.99
48 Proto Labs Inc PRLB JEesSs 3 $130.13
166 Purple Innovation Inc PRPL jloy88, CharlieBrown364, RemiMartin 6 $23.95
44 Raytheon Technologies Corp RTX anon2019L 21 $61.23
210 Razer Inc RAZFF ThatOneRedditBro 1 $0.22
32 Realty Income Corp O bushysmalls 5 $62.72
199 Redfin Corp RDFN shreddit47 8 $43.69
206 RENAULT S A/ADR RNLSY jw8700 1 $5.33
178 Retractable Technologies, Inc. RVP EmreCanPuns 1 $10.18
94 Rigel Pharmaceuticals, Inc. RIGL Gay_Demons 1 $2.58
203 Rite Aid Corporation RAD ManagerMilkshake 1 $15.05
12 Rocky Mountain Chocolate Factory, Inc. RMCF howtoreadspaghetti 1 $3.20
163 Schrodinger Inc SDGR TipasaNuptials, asianmarysue, RattleGoreBitcoin 1 $71.17
72 Sea Ltd SE scatterblodded, tradeintel828384839, thug_funnie, Meymo 16 $129.00
215 ServiceNow Inc NOW cookingboy 1 $431.21
189 Shiloh Industries, Inc. SHLO brainbroked 1 $1.40
82 Shopify Inc SHOP AwesomeMathUse -1 $1,053.12
213 Sibanye Stillwater Ltd SBSW marqui4me 1 $11.39
231 Simulations Plus, Inc. SLP hellohi3 1 $65.83
173 SiTime Corp SITM drbh_ 1 $58.92
248 Six Flags Entertainment Corp SIX EthosPathosLegos 1 $18.38
202 Slack Technologies Inc WORK AntwanDixon_ 2 $28.95
51 SmileDirectClub Inc SDC meeni131 3 $9.05
49 Solaredge Technologies Inc SEDG m4r1vs 14 $211.47
27 Sony Corp SNE drorhac 13 $80.03
177 Sorrento Therapeutics Inc SRNE DowJonesLocker 1 $14.42
225 SPARTAN ENERGY /SH SPAQ bigsexy12 1 $12.36
40 Spirit Airlines Incorporated SAVE Matous_Palecek 0 $17.28
153 Spotify Technology SA SPOT _Hard4Jesus 0 $252.12
7 Square Inc SQ cuti95, ConstructivePlayer, Lfastrsx, jercky, CharlieBrown364 21 $147.22
1 StoneCo Ltd STNE GromGrommeta 73 $49.06
104 SunPower Corporation SPWR Hadouukken 1 $11.86
60 Sunrun Inc RUN FactualNeutronStar 2 $46.00
195 Switch Inc SWCH gce1010 1 $18.03
83 Taal Distributed Information Techs Inc TAAL AwesomeMathUse 1 $1.85
76 Taiwan Semiconductor Mfg. Co. Ltd. TSM Paks_12345, sogladatwork, BlissfulThinkr 13 $80.03
102 Tandem Diabetes Care Inc TNDM liao24 1 $104.15
169 Target Corporation TGT Kosher-Bacon 1 $131.75
26 Tesla Inc TSLA Skurinator, goldcakes, redmars1234, Drortmeyer2017 3 $1,452.71
137 TJX Companies Inc TJX princess-smartypants 3 $55.45
18 Toronto-Dominion Bank TD robbierox123 0 $45.77
141 TPI Composites Inc TPIC polwas 1 $28.81
53 Trade Desk Inc TTD all_hail_hypno, Kay312010 6 $493.20
106 TransMedics Group Inc TMDX DropoutEngy 1 $18.05
131 TransUnion TRU AndyCircus 0 $87.38
78 Travelcenters of America Inc TA jk_tilt 1 $17.27
226 Trevena Inc TRVN pacosteles 1 $2.38
243 Trulieve Cannabis Corp TCNNF grphelps1, Cucumber_Cooling 2 $18.83
38 Tupperware Brands Corporation TUP Scumbaggedfriends 1 $14.98
68 Turtle Beach Corp HEAR chancsc11 1 $18.37
62 Twilio Inc TWLO MarconianRex 8 $249.00
41 Uber Technologies Inc Uber DukeBD2021 -1 $32.90
96 Unibail-Rodamco-Westfield SE URW eams66 2 $42.44
125 Universal Display Corporation OLED niknikniknikniknik1 1 $186.51
64 Valero Energy Corporation VLO chickenandcheesefart 1 $52.66
133 Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund Admiral Shares VTSAX WackyBeachJustice 1 $82.67
135 Veeva Systems Inc VEEV JohnSpartans 3 $261.22
193 Ventas, Inc. VTR Unlucky-Prize 1 $41.52
57 VirnetX Holding Corporation VHC vyts18 2 $5.26
172 VMware, Inc. VMW kingbrow2020 1 $142.31
50 VolitionRX Ltd VNRX RiDDDiK1337 1 $3.35
91 Waitr Holdings Inc WTRH exstaticj 1 $5.15
14 Walker & Dunlop, Inc. WD TBSchemer 0 $57.70
167 Walmart Inc WMT anthonyjh21 6 $129.97
30 Walt Disney Co DIS jadenmc2189, biz_student 6 $129.93
192 WELL Health Technologies Corp TSE:WELL Unlucky-Prize, IcemanVish 2 $4.49
105 Wells Fargo & Co WFC yehdhbdjdjd 1 $25.07
240 Westinghouse Air Brake Technologies Corp WAB warman506 1 $67.23
42 Wizz Air Holdings PLC WIZZ Matous_Palecek 2 $3,412.00
157 Workhorse Group Inc WKHS VisionsDB 5 $16.52
89 Xebec Adsorption Inc. XBC Mug_of_coffee 3 $4.95
232 Xpel Inc XPEL Bkazzle 1 $20.06
212 Yeti Holdings Inc YETI boomwhackers 1 $50.40
136 Zagg Inc ZAGG ni_shi_shei 2 $3.98
56 Zoetis Inc ZTS BearBearChooey 19 $158.88
submitted by Kme2 to investing [link] [comments]

The underrated stock survey: one month in on /r/investing investing prowess

Following my post from last month (https://www.reddit.com/investing/comments/i2thge/), please see below for an update on how everyone's picks are doing one month in.
Key takeaways:
  1. 253 picks are still active and being tracked
  2. Overall average return of -1.27%, with an equal weighted return of -1.25%
  3. Highest returning pick: Pacific Ethanol (PEIX), a COVID play made by adamtejot for +78%
  4. If you invested in the top 5 most upvoted stocks (NET, CRSP, STNE, NVDA, NOK), you would have seen a return of -8.9%
  5. If you invested in the top 5 most controversial stocks (TSLA, WD, AMD, LMND, UBER), you would have seen a return of 0.0%
  6. The top 10 gainers in order (PEIS, FMCI, TUP, BABYF, GME, WELL, CVAC, WKHS, KEFI, NIO) provided an average equal weighted return of ~49%
For a full list of performance as of NOON EST, see below:
ID Company Symbol Provided by Upvotes 8/7/2020 9/11/2020 Increase
121 Pacific Ethanol Inc PEIX adamtejot 1 $2.69 $4.78 78%
90 FORUM MERGER II/SH CL A FMCI Mug_of_coffee 3 $14.53 $25.38 75%
38 Tupperware Brands Corporation TUP Scumbaggedfriends 1 $14.98 $23.89 59%
218 Else Nutrition Holdings Inc BABYF PringlesAreUs 1 $1.36 $2.06 51%
115 GameStop Corp. GME EmployerOfTheMonth 2 $4.16 $6.12 47%
192 WELL Health Technologies Corp TSE:WELL Unlucky-Prize, IcemanVish 2 $4.49 $6.33 41%
157 Workhorse Group Inc WKHS VisionsDB 5 $16.52 $23.06 40%
16 CureVac CVAC Tangerinho 8 $55.90 $77.20 38%
158 KEFI Gold and Copper Plc LON:KEFI Scipio-Africannabis- 1 $1.88 $2.58 37%
69 Nio Inc - ADR NIO makesalotofmoney, Carrera_GT, Charlie Brown364 3 $13.42 $17.90 33%
144 Kaleyra Inc KLR souptrades 1 $5.87 $7.75 32%
237 Pelaton PTON loosetingles 1 $68.30 $89.44 31%
245 Paradox Interactive AB (publ) OTCMKTS:PRXXF I_worship_odin 1 $24.30 $31.70 30%
80 UTZ BRANDS INC/SH CL A NV UTZ RIC_FLAIR-WOOO 5 $13.84 $17.76 28%
194 10X Genomics Inc TXG Unlucky-Prize 1 $96.13 $123.17 28%
26 Tesla Inc TSLA Skurinator, goldcakes, redmars1234, Drortmeyer2017 3 $290.54 $371.75 28%
78 Travelcenters of America Inc TA jk_tilt 1 $17.27 $21.75 26%
185 Draftkings Inc DKNG boomshalock 1 $34.09 $42.80 26%
233 Mamamancini's Holdings Inc MMMB Jayesslee 1 $1.70 $2.10 24%
225 SPARTAN ENERGY /SH SPAQ bigsexy12 1 $12.36 $15.21 23%
214 Inspire Medical Systems Inc INSP JPINFV2 1 $104.92 $128.80 23%
51 SmileDirectClub Inc SDC meeni131 3 $9.05 $11.06 22%
60 Sunrun Inc RUN FactualNeutronStar 2 $46.00 $56.11 22%
101 Immunovia AB (publ) IMMNOV jennyther 3 $161.60 $197.00 22%
188 Penn National Gaming, Inc PENN Calpool 1 $49.00 $59.72 22%
213 Sibanye Stillwater Ltd SBSW marqui4me 1 $11.39 $13.74 21%
248 Six Flags Entertainment Corp SIX EthosPathosLegos 1 $18.38 $22.17 21%
232 Xpel Inc XPEL Bkazzle 1 $20.06 $24.16 20%
149 Planet 13 Holdings Inc PLNHF MMatter1 3 $2.67 $3.20 20%
71 InVitae Corp NVTA emtvaikkajoku, CrackHeadRodeo 6 $28.43 $33.28 17%
179 Millicom International Cellular SA(SWE) STO:TIGO-SDB joseph460 1 $245.50 $287.00 17%
48 Proto Labs Inc PRLB JEesSs 3 $130.13 $150.38 16%
22 Air Canada TSE:AC priamXus 0 $15.73 $18.02 15%
159 General Motors Company GM Buttershine_Beta -1 $26.72 $30.51 14%
148 Peabody Energy Corporation BTU aviatoraway1 0 $2.52 $2.84 13%
199 Redfin Corp RDFN shreddit47 8 $43.69 $49.15 12%
146 CBS Corporation Common Stock VIAC 1987supertramp 1 $26.21 $29.46 12%
109 Canadian Solar Inc. CSIQ MrMineHeads, vvv561 6 $25.32 $28.40 12%
169 Target Corporation TGT Kosher-Bacon 1 $131.75 $147.67 12%
41 Uber Technologies Inc Uber DukeBD2021 -1 $32.90 $36.72 12%
95 CEL-SCI Corporation CVM Golden_Pineapple 1 $12.19 $13.51 11%
55 Hikma Pharmaceuticals Plc HKMPF Marvins-Room 1 $31.08 $34.38 11%
17 Ally Financial Inc ALLY jcurtis44 1 $21.47 $23.71 10%
173 SiTime Corp SITM drbh_ 1 $58.92 $64.80 10%
190 Otonomy Inc OTIC Unlucky-Prize 1 $3.56 $3.90 10%
13 NVIDIA Corporation NVDA TBSchemer, friedtea15 66 $447.98 $490.43 9%
72 Sea Ltd SE scatterblodded, tradeintel828384839, thug_funnie, Meymo 16 $129.00 $141.21 9%
243 Trulieve Cannabis Corp TCNNF grphelps1, Cucumber_Cooling 2 $18.83 $20.49 9%
73 Digital Turbine Inc APPS toop4 6 $22.59 $24.51 8%
70 Alibaba Group Holding Ltd - ADR BABA helio987, ScreeMart, Necessary_Club_6714 -1 $252.10 $271.66 8%
206 RENAULT S A/ADR RNLSY jw8700 1 $5.33 $5.74 8%
234 Great Panther Mining Ltd GPL Tony0x01 1 $0.93 $1.00 8%
77 Inmode Ltd INMD meta-cognizant, craneman813 4 $31.77 $34.15 7%
97 Magnachip Semiconductor Corp MX samtony234 1 $12.08 $12.97 7%
79 Maverix Metals Inc MMX AwesomeMathUse 1 $4.61 $4.93 7%
145 Edwards Lifesciences Corp EW TheTubbyOlive 1 $76.94 $82.17 7%
250 PROSHARES TULTRA MSCI JAPAN EZJ Necessary_Club_6714 1 $32.13 $34.31 7%
98 Games Workshop Group PLC OTCMKTS:GMWKF MAUSECOP, Thenattylimit 2 $120.95 $129.15 7%
123 Innovative Industrial Properties Inc IIPR Dalis_Ktm 1 $114.63 $122.40 7%
167 Walmart Inc WMT anthonyjh21 6 $129.97 $137.78 6%
227 Cameco Corp CCJ jh4962772, Commandobolt, 3STmotivation 13 $10.37 $10.99 6%
18 Toronto-Dominion Bank TD robbierox123 0 $45.77 $48.26 5%
124 New Relic Inc NEWR Dalis_Ktm 1 $53.62 $56.52 5%
114 Brainstorm Cell Therapeutics Inc BCLI BigSexyTolo 2 $12.79 $13.47 5%
138 GLB X FUNDS/HEALTH & WELLNESS T BFIT Venhuizer 2 $20.69 $21.76 5%
45 Best Buy Co Inc BBY 1madeamistake 2 $102.90 $107.74 5%
193 Ventas, Inc. VTR Unlucky-Prize 1 $41.52 $43.43 5%
29 Berkshire Hathaway Inc. Class B BRK.B Jeroen_Jrn, Cuza 31 $209.48 $218.92 5%
215 ServiceNow Inc NOW cookingboy 1 $431.21 $450.52 4%
86 Essent Group Ltd ESNT veggie-man 1 $35.82 $37.39 4%
254 Nuance Communications Inc. NUAN IwantmyMTZ 1 $29.48 $30.77 4%
198 NVR, Inc. NVR Linnake 1 $3,875.01 $4,036.96 4%
1 StoneCo Ltd STNE GromGrommeta 73 $49.06 $51.07 4%
43 Plug Power Inc PLUG lukwas_ 4 $11.28 $11.72 4%
35 Beyond Meat Inc BYND Kreisensalat, _Flipside_ 8 $131.51 $136.50 4%
134 Intel Corporation INTC ionlypwn, TitanCrasher54, niknikniknikniknik1 5 $48.03 $49.85 4%
252 INVESCO EXCHANG/SOLAR ETF TAN z74al 2 $51.20 $52.99 3%
208 Blackline Inc BL veebeew 2 $79.26 $81.95 3%
117 Altria Group Inc MO ARGENT_UM_PUR, gm14202 1 $42.17 $43.58 3%
164 Intuitive Surgical, Inc. ISRG swalloforswallo 2 $685.85 $708.14 3%
83 Taal Distributed Information Techs Inc TAAL AwesomeMathUse 1 $1.85 $1.91 3%
19 Alexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ALXN fisk47 39 $103.28 $106.62 3%
75 Boston Beer Company Inc SAM Top_Island 2 $825.79 $850.00 3%
228 ISHARES TGLB CLEAN ENERGY ET ICLN drheman25Q 1 $15.88 $16.28 3%
87 Pershing Square Tontine Holdings, Ltd NYSE:PSTH-UN 5_yr_lurker 7 $21.08 $21.60 2%
30 Walt Disney Co DIS jadenmc2189, biz_student 6 $129.93 $133.00 2%
211 NESTLE S A/S ADR NSRGY suburban_robot 1 $118.47 $121.20 2%
186 Golden Minerals Co AUMN YEEEEEAAAAA 1 $0.44 $0.45 2%
102 Tandem Diabetes Care Inc TNDM liao24 1 $104.15 $106.48 2%
135 Veeva Systems Inc VEEV JohnSpartans 3 $261.22 $266.74 2%
231 Simulations Plus, Inc. SLP hellohi3 1 $65.83 $67.11 2%
92 Brookfield Asset Management Inc BAM duongroi, Avaronah 2 $32.32 $32.91 2%
127 Naspers Limited NPSNY Demandredz 1 $34.60 $35.19 2%
129 Aphria Inc APHA Aprhria, Bdghablig 1 $4.47 $4.54 2%
171 JPMorgan Chase & Co. JPM wrs97 1 $99.38 $100.86 1%
40 Spirit Airlines Incorporated SAVE Matous_Palecek 0 $17.28 $17.53 1%
240 Westinghouse Air Brake Technologies Corp WAB warman506 1 $67.23 $68.18 1%
204 Cardlytics Inc CDLX whossayn, YarManYak 2 $66.28 $67.21 1%
216 Kirkland Lake Gold Ltd KL New_username_ 1 $52.58 $53.30 1%
244 Axon Enterprise Inc AAXN ansofteng 1 $83.88 $84.93 1%
32 Realty Income Corp O bushysmalls 5 $62.72 $63.44 1%
42 Wizz Air Holdings PLC WIZZ Matous_Palecek 2 $3,412.00 $3,443.23 1%
170 Morgan Stanley MS wrs97 1 $50.35 $50.80 1%
126 GLB X FUNDS/VIDEO GAMES & ESPORTS E HERO sgtyzi 1 $26.00 $26.23 1%
119 Apple Inc. AAPL tcldstnvdw -1 $27.78 $112.00 1%
63 Livongo Health Inc LVGO staniel_diverson, Raybay192, Drifter 1996, moveitover 22 $120.88 $121.80 1%
181 NCR Corporation NCR IAMBEOWULFF, fistymonkey1337 4 $20.11 $20.23 1%
74 CD PROJEKT S A/ADR OTGLY Thtb 8 $28.50 $28.67 1%
56 Zoetis Inc ZTS BearBearChooey 19 $158.88 $159.53 0%
93 Federal National Mortgage Association FNMA figbuilding, onkel_axel 2 $2.12 $2.12 0%
31 Pharmacyte Biotech Inc PMCB DillieTheSquid 0 $0.01 $0.01 0%
172 VMware, Inc. VMW kingbrow2020 1 $142.31 $142.30 0%
47 Pinterest Inc PINS EthanPhan 10 $34.98 $34.93 0%
133 Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund Admiral Shares VTSAX WackyBeachJustice 1 $82.67 $82.32 0%
212 Yeti Holdings Inc YETI boomwhackers 1 $50.40 $50.14 -1%
196 Booz Allen Hamilton Holding Corporation BAH i_smel_hookers 1 $84.67 $84.23 -1%
238 Kroger Co KR bxkrish 1 $35.24 $35.02 -1%
44 Raytheon Technologies Corp RTX anon2019L 21 $61.23 $60.81 -1%
54 ASML Holding NV ASML EthosPathosLegos, earthmoonsun 15 $366.07 $363.20 -1%
37 Novacyt SA ALNOV Snoopmatt 1 $3.60 $3.57 -1%
76 Taiwan Semiconductor Mfg. Co. Ltd. TSM Paks_12345, sogladatwork, BlissfulThinkr 13 $80.03 $79.16 -1%
122 Helen of Troy Limited HELE aa341 1 $201.26 $199.02 -1%
11 Nathan's Famous, Inc. NATH howtoreadspaghetti 1 $51.25 $50.65 -1%
84 Fastly Inc FSLY AwesomeMathUse 3 $79.33 $78.31 -1%
110 AAR Corp. AIR paulo92834 4 $18.77 $18.49 -1%
166 Purple Innovation Inc PRPL jloy88, CharlieBrown364, RemiMartin 6 $23.95 $23.59 -2%
113 Atlassian Corporation PLC TEAM shadowrckts 1 $170.93 $168.23 -2%
33 BlackBerry Ltd BB mh1t, EthosPathosLegos 25 $4.84 $4.76 -2%
139 EHang Holdings Ltd - ADR EH TheEUR0PEAN 1 $9.21 $9.04 -2%
137 TJX Companies Inc TJX princess-smartypants 3 $55.45 $54.41 -2%
5 Intellia Therapeutics Inc NTLA earthmoonsun 7 $19.83 $19.45 -2%
140 Brookfield Renewable Partners LP BEP YourPineapplePunch 1 $45.25 $44.34 -2%
184 Ares Capital Corporation ARCC ThemChecks 1 $14.87 $14.54 -2%
143 American Tower Corp AMT editviewgo 1 $257.61 $251.69 -2%
132 PROSHARES TULTRAPRO QQQ TQQQ iggy555, Guiterrezjm6 5 $126.99 $124.06 -2%
46 Oxford BioMedica plc OXB arabidopsis 12 $850.00 $830.00 -2%
128 Bank of America Corp BAC oobydoobydoobydoo, wrs97 2 $26.11 $25.46 -2%
152 H&R Real Estate Investment Trust HR.UN CaptainCanuck93 0 $10.34 $10.08 -3%
229 CDW common stock CDW plorfu 1 $114.77 $111.47 -3%
130 Docusign Inc DOCU h3ku, Teach-101 0 $204.76 $198.75 -3%
253 Microsoft Corporation MSFT TBSchemer 34 $212.48 $205.65 -3%
153 Spotify Technology SA SPOT _Hard4Jesus 0 $252.12 $243.88 -3%
131 TransUnion TRU AndyCircus 0 $87.38 $84.47 -3%
100 ORSTED A/S/ADR DNNGY BrentfordFC21 2 $47.37 $45.79 -3%
105 Wells Fargo & Co WFC yehdhbdjdjd 1 $25.07 $24.20 -3%
111 1ST TR EXCHANGE/NASDAQ CEA CYBERSEC CIBR komoggmu321 1 $35.40 $34.07 -4%
162 New York Times Co NYT jonhuang 1 $45.61 $43.86 -4%
27 Sony Corp SNE drorhac 13 $80.03 $76.88 -4%
224 Avalara Inc AVLR nomdeplume_alias 1 $122.71 $117.82 -4%
23 Activision Blizzard, Inc. ATVI Mondanivalo 12 $82.47 $79.17 -4%
120 Prologis Inc PLD ImPinkSnail 5 $105.07 $100.65 -4%
81 Franco Nevada Corp FNV AwesomeMathUse 1 $153.57 $146.93 -4%
12 Rocky Mountain Chocolate Factory, Inc. RMCF howtoreadspaghetti 1 $3.20 $3.05 -5%
217 LONZA GRP AG/ADR LZAGY Fuck512 1 $62.92 $59.94 -5%
154 Okta Inc OKTA Bcr731 3 $208.23 $197.95 -5%
191 Macerich Co MAC skvettlappen 1 $7.85 $7.46 -5%
142 Crown Castle International Corp CCI jkgator 1 $168.19 $159.72 -5%
10 Molson Coors Beverage Co Class B TAP howtoreadspaghetti 1 $37.27 $35.28 -5%
197 Equinix Inc EQIX gce1010 3 $791.70 $749.23 -5%
99 Gilead Sciences, Inc. GILD Leroy--Brown 1 $69.35 $65.60 -5%
141 TPI Composites Inc TPIC polwas 1 $28.81 $27.25 -5%
161 Micron Technology, Inc. MU Wexoch 3 $48.75 $46.02 -6%
175 American Water Works Company Inc AWK InfamousLegato 1 $149.79 $141.35 -6%
50 VolitionRX Ltd VNRX RiDDDiK1337 1 $3.35 $3.16 -6%
7 Square Inc SQ cuti95, ConstructivePlayer, Lfastrsx, jercky, CharlieBrown364 21 $147.22 $138.87 -6%
182 Logitech International SA LOGI CharlieBrown364 1 $73.03 $68.88 -6%
68 Turtle Beach Corp HEAR chancsc11 1 $18.37 $17.30 -6%
57 VirnetX Holding Corporation VHC vyts18 2 $5.26 $4.95 -6%
107 Maxar Technologies Inc MAXR Borne2Run 1 $24.74 $23.27 -6%
20 Horizon Therapeutics PLC HZNP thesearchforanswer 3 $76.06 $71.16 -6%
106 TransMedics Group Inc TMDX DropoutEngy 1 $18.05 $16.84 -7%
156 GFL Environmental Inc GFL lenadunhamsbutthole 1 $21.56 $20.10 -7%
200 Gan Ltd GAN emcdeezy22 2 $20.29 $18.91 -7%
108 Ingles Markets, Incorporated IMKTA kimjungoon 1 $42.97 $40.01 -7%
9 IAC/Interactivecorp IAC dvdmovie1 36 $133.05 $123.03 -8%
209 Cresco Labs Inc CRLBF UncleSlippyFist 1 $6.28 $5.80 -8%
165 Daqo New Energy Corp DQ stonk_daddy 1 $122.55 $112.96 -8%
62 Twilio Inc TWLO MarconianRex 8 $249.00 $228.90 -8%
14 Walker & Dunlop, Inc. WD TBSchemer 0 $57.70 $52.84 -8%
246 Coty Inc COTY NhatNguyen2112 1 $4.00 $3.66 -9%
25 Pan African Resources plc PAF Fruity_Pineapple 2 $26.30 $24.00 -9%
219 FLIR Systems, Inc. FLIR _zerokarma_ 1 $37.48 $34.12 -9%
8 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. AMD ArneGo, apqwer, LoveOfProfit 13 $84.85 $77.23 -9%
210 Razer Inc RAZFF ThatOneRedditBro 1 $0.22 $0.20 -9%
201 Inseego Corp INSG esoccer141414 1 $12.08 $10.95 -9%
21 Enphase Energy Inc ENPH deGoblin 31 $72.84 $65.93 -9%
88 Match Group Inc MTCH BallinLikeImKobe24 1 $115.88 $104.50 -10%
187 Brookfield Property Partners LP Unit BPY Onarco 1 $11.75 $10.59 -10%
94 Rigel Pharmaceuticals, Inc. RIGL Gay_Demons 1 $2.58 $2.32 -10%
85 Empire State Realty Trust Inc ESRT silverpaw1786 4 $6.66 $5.97 -10%
147 Polaris Infrastructure Inc RAMPF CaptainCanuck93 1 $11.50 $10.30 -10%
176 2U Inc TWOU DickDaddy 1 $41.49 $37.11 -11%
125 Universal Display Corporation OLED niknikniknikniknik1 1 $186.51 $166.37 -11%
104 SunPower Corporation SPWR Hadouukken 1 $7.77 $10.57 -11%
4 Editas Medicine Inc EDIT earthmoonsun 7 $34.71 $30.85 -11%
96 Unibail-Rodamco-Westfield SE URW eams66 2 $42.44 $37.64 -11%
223 CVS Health Corp CVS handsomeandsmart_ 2 $64.96 $57.57 -11%
24 Alteryx Inc AYX Kme2 30 $121.38 $107.55 -11%
202 Slack Technologies Inc WORK AntwanDixon_ 2 $28.95 $25.65 -11%
65 Cyberark Software Ltd CYBR Kevenam 2 $110.59 $97.84 -12%
116 Mills Music Trust Unit OTCMKTS:MMTRS ARGENT_UM_PUR 1 $39.00 $34.50 -12%
64 Valero Energy Corporation VLO chickenandcheesefart 1 $52.66 $46.50 -12%
151 Gran Colombia Gold Corp TSE:GCM Linnake 0 $7.46 $6.57 -12%
49 Solaredge Technologies Inc SEDG m4r1vs 14 $211.47 $185.52 -12%
249 New York Mortgage Trust Inc NYMT ToKeepAndToHoldForev 1 $2.77 $2.43 -12%
82 Shopify Inc SHOP AwesomeMathUse -1 $1,053.12 $919.50 -13%
241 DexCom, Inc. DXCM InformalAid 1 $440.70 $384.40 -13%
67 Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (Btc) GBTC asherlevi 2 $13.06 $11.39 -13%
34 Mercadolibre Inc MELI pontoumporcento 14 $1,193.97 $1,035.14 -13%
247 BELLUS Health Inc BLU NhatNguyen2112 1 $2.74 $2.37 -14%
112 John B. Sanfilippo & Son, Inc. JBSS chris011186 2 $89.24 $77.01 -14%
103 Huntington Ingalls Industries Inc HII howtoreadspaghetti 1 $167.90 $144.60 -14%
15 Limelight Networks, Inc. LLNW cyberdex, thug_funnie 3 $6.10 $5.23 -14%
118 Elevate Credit Inc ELVT ScoreFuture 1 $2.58 $2.21 -14%
239 CytoDyn Inc CYDY dufmum 1 $4.79 $4.10 -14%
28 Ageagle Aerial Systems Inc UAVS fishkillr 16 $3.26 $2.78 -15%
53 Trade Desk Inc TTD all_hail_hypno, Kay312010 6 $493.20 $419.05 -15%
36 Cloudflare Inc NET thereisnospoongeek, olliemacg, Boots2243 220 $40.06 $33.96 -15%
66 Lydall, Inc. LDL Henisockle 1 $20.89 $17.70 -15%
235 Etsy Inc ETSY PeskyShart 1 $135.06 $113.39 -16%
183 Anglo Asian Mining LON:AAZ krenaldi1 1 $161.50 $135.00 -16%
195 Switch Inc SWCH gce1010 1 $18.03 $15.01 -17%
168 Fire & Flower Holdings Corp TSE:FAF tobcar 1 $1.01 $0.84 -17%
221 Mediwound Ltd MDWD blueblade408 1 $3.91 $3.25 -17%
230 Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp SOLO IHaveUsernameBlock 1 $3.07 $2.55 -17%
207 First Mining Gold Corp FFMGF RecCenterBall 0 $0.41 $0.34 -17%
6 Dicerna Pharmaceuticals Inc DRNA earthmoonsun 7 $21.03 $17.40 -17%
59 Nokia Oyj NOK perfectriot, LiabilityFree 52 $4.98 $4.12 -17%
89 Xebec Adsorption Inc. XBC Mug_of_coffee 3 $4.95 $4.06 -18%
52 Fluor Corporation (NEW) FLR lost_searching 2 $11.38 $9.24 -19%
220 Pagerduty Inc PD throthrowth 2 $29.85 $23.94 -20%
236 Banco Bbva Argentina SA BBAR GAV17 1 $4.23 $3.35 -21%
155 FuelCell Energy Inc FCEL i-kno-nothing, dewaser 2 $2.68 $2.12 -21%
150 Aytu Bioscience Inc AYTU Bkzkilla2, beefy-ambulance, subaruveganguy22 2 $1.38 $1.09 -21%
203 Rite Aid Corporation RAD ManagerMilkshake 1 $15.05 $11.85 -21%
39 Drive Shack Inc DS Bobjenkins97 2 $1.65 $1.29 -22%
2 Lemonade Inc LMND br1ghtness, skkreet, hahadumblloyd 4 $66.84 $51.91 -22%
163 Schrodinger Inc SDGR TipasaNuptials, asianmarysue, RattleGoreBitcoin 1 $71.17 $54.99 -23%
3 Crispr Therapeutics AG CRSP emtvaikkajoku 98 $89.81 $68.54 -24%
242 Chegg Inc CHGG Boots2243 1 $86.98 $65.81 -24%
136 Zagg Inc ZAGG ni_shi_shei 2 $3.98 $2.98 -25%
226 Trevena Inc TRVN pacosteles 1 $2.38 $1.78 -25%
91 Waitr Holdings Inc WTRH exstaticj 1 $5.15 $3.75 -27%
174 Patriot One Technologies Inc PTOTF DanReynolds 1 $0.73 $0.53 -27%
180 ACM Research Inc ACMR moveitover 1 $101.92 $67.32 -34%
251 Genius Brands International Inc GNUS due11 1 $1.59 $1.02 -36%
205 Agraflora Organics International Inc AGRA spreeshark 1 $0.05 $0.03 -40%
178 Retractable Technologies, Inc. RVP EmreCanPuns 1 $10.18 $5.92 -42%
160 Opko Health Inc. OPK CS1026 1 $5.63 $3.02 -46%
61 Ibio Inc IBIO PrairieDogger69 1 $3.80 $1.92 -49%
222 Altimmune Inc ALT Spes-Caritas 1 $27.38 $12.13 -56%
58 Jumia Technologies AG - ADR JMIA Jerund, souptrades, 7YearOldCodPlayer, CharlieBrown364, fortnitehead 7 $19.26 $8.38 -56%
177 Sorrento Therapeutics Inc SRNE DowJonesLocker 1 $14.42 $6.27 -57%
As a reminder, please do not interpret results seen here as an endorsement of the investing prowess of the community. Invest at your own risk.
submitted by Kme2 to investing [link] [comments]

Technical: The Path to Taproot Activation

Taproot! Everybody wants to have it, somebody wants to make it, nobody knows how to get it!
(If you are asking why everybody wants it, see: Technical: Taproot: Why Activate?)
(Pedants: I mostly elide over lockin times)
Briefly, Taproot is that neat new thing that gets us:
So yes, let's activate taproot!

The SegWit Wars

The biggest problem with activating Taproot is PTSD from the previous softfork, SegWit. Pieter Wuille, one of the authors of the current Taproot proposal, has consistently held the position that he will not discuss activation, and will accept whatever activation process is imposed on Taproot. Other developers have expressed similar opinions.
So what happened with SegWit activation that was so traumatic? SegWit used the BIP9 activation method. Let's dive into BIP9!

BIP9 Miner-Activated Soft Fork

Basically, BIP9 has a bunch of parameters:
Now there are other parameters (name, starttime) but they are not anywhere near as important as the above two.
A number that is not a parameter, is 95%. Basically, activation of a BIP9 softfork is considered as actually succeeding if at least 95% of blocks in the last 2 weeks had the specified bit in the nVersion set. If less than 95% had this bit set before the timeout, then the upgrade fails and never goes into the network. This is not a parameter: it is a constant defined by BIP9, and developers using BIP9 activation cannot change this.
So, first some simple questions and their answers:

The Great Battles of the SegWit Wars

SegWit not only fixed transaction malleability, it also created a practical softforkable blocksize increase that also rebalanced weights so that the cost of spending a UTXO is about the same as the cost of creating UTXOs (and spending UTXOs is "better" since it limits the size of the UTXO set that every fullnode has to maintain).
So SegWit was written, the activation was decided to be BIP9, and then.... miner signalling stalled at below 75%.
Thus were the Great SegWit Wars started.

BIP9 Feature Hostage

If you are a miner with at least 5% global hashpower, you can hold a BIP9-activated softfork hostage.
You might even secretly want the softfork to actually push through. But you might want to extract concession from the users and the developers. Like removing the halvening. Or raising or even removing the block size caps (which helps larger miners more than smaller miners, making it easier to become a bigger fish that eats all the smaller fishes). Or whatever.
With BIP9, you can hold the softfork hostage. You just hold out and refuse to signal. You tell everyone you will signal, if and only if certain concessions are given to you.
This ability by miners to hold a feature hostage was enabled because of the miner-exit allowed by the timeout on BIP9. Prior to that, miners were considered little more than expendable security guards, paid for the risk they take to secure the network, but not special in the grand scheme of Bitcoin.

Covert ASICBoost

ASICBoost was a novel way of optimizing SHA256 mining, by taking advantage of the structure of the 80-byte header that is hashed in order to perform proof-of-work. The details of ASICBoost are out-of-scope here but you can read about it elsewhere
Here is a short summary of the two types of ASICBoost, relevant to the activation discussion.
Now, "overt" means "obvious", while "covert" means hidden. Overt ASICBoost is obvious because nVersion bits that are not currently in use for BIP9 activations are usually 0 by default, so setting those bits to 1 makes it obvious that you are doing something weird (namely, Overt ASICBoost). Covert ASICBoost is non-obvious because the order of transactions in a block are up to the miner anyway, so the miner rearranging the transactions in order to get lower power consumption is not going to be detected.
Unfortunately, while Overt ASICBoost was compatible with SegWit, Covert ASICBoost was not. This is because, pre-SegWit, only the block header Merkle tree committed to the transaction ordering. However, with SegWit, another Merkle tree exists, which commits to transaction ordering as well. Covert ASICBoost would require more computation to manipulate two Merkle trees, obviating the power benefits of Covert ASICBoost anyway.
Now, miners want to use ASICBoost (indeed, about 60->70% of current miners probably use the Overt ASICBoost nowadays; if you have a Bitcoin fullnode running you will see the logs with lots of "60 of last 100 blocks had unexpected versions" which is exactly what you would see with the nVersion manipulation that Overt ASICBoost does). But remember: ASICBoost was, at around the time, a novel improvement. Not all miners had ASICBoost hardware. Those who did, did not want it known that they had ASICBoost hardware, and wanted to do Covert ASICBoost!
But Covert ASICBoost is incompatible with SegWit, because SegWit actually has two Merkle trees of transaction data, and Covert ASICBoost works by fudging around with transaction ordering in a block, and recomputing two Merkle Trees is more expensive than recomputing just one (and loses the ASICBoost advantage).
Of course, those miners that wanted Covert ASICBoost did not want to openly admit that they had ASICBoost hardware, they wanted to keep their advantage secret because miners are strongly competitive in a very tight market. And doing ASICBoost Covertly was just the ticket, but they could not work post-SegWit.
Fortunately, due to the BIP9 activation process, they could hold SegWit hostage while covertly taking advantage of Covert ASICBoost!

UASF: BIP148 and BIP8

When the incompatibility between Covert ASICBoost and SegWit was realized, still, activation of SegWit stalled, and miners were still not openly claiming that ASICBoost was related to non-activation of SegWit.
Eventually, a new proposal was created: BIP148. With this rule, 3 months before the end of the SegWit timeout, nodes would reject blocks that did not signal SegWit. Thus, 3 months before SegWit timeout, BIP148 would force activation of SegWit.
This proposal was not accepted by Bitcoin Core, due to the shortening of the timeout (it effectively times out 3 months before the initial SegWit timeout). Instead, a fork of Bitcoin Core was created which added the patch to comply with BIP148. This was claimed as a User Activated Soft Fork, UASF, since users could freely download the alternate fork rather than sticking with the developers of Bitcoin Core.
Now, BIP148 effectively is just a BIP9 activation, except at its (earlier) timeout, the new rules would be activated anyway (instead of the BIP9-mandated behavior that the upgrade is cancelled at the end of the timeout).
BIP148 was actually inspired by the BIP8 proposal (the link here is a historical version; BIP8 has been updated recently, precisely in preparation for Taproot activation). BIP8 is basically BIP9, but at the end of timeout, the softfork is activated anyway rather than cancelled.
This removed the ability of miners to hold the softfork hostage. At best, they can delay the activation, but not stop it entirely by holding out as in BIP9.
Of course, this implies risk that not all miners have upgraded before activation, leading to possible losses for SPV users, as well as again re-pressuring miners to signal activation, possibly without the miners actually upgrading their software to properly impose the new softfork rules.

BIP91, SegWit2X, and The Aftermath

BIP148 inspired countermeasures, possibly from the Covert ASiCBoost miners, possibly from concerned users who wanted to offer concessions to miners. To this day, the common name for BIP148 - UASF - remains an emotionally-charged rallying cry for parts of the Bitcoin community.
One of these was SegWit2X. This was brokered in a deal between some Bitcoin personalities at a conference in New York, and thus part of the so-called "New York Agreement" or NYA, another emotionally-charged acronym.
The text of the NYA was basically:
  1. Set up a new activation threshold at 80% signalled at bit 4 (vs bit 1 for SegWit).
    • When this 80% signalling was reached, miners would require that bit 1 for SegWit be signalled to achive the 95% activation needed for SegWit.
  2. If the bit 4 signalling reached 80%, increase the block weight limit from the SegWit 4000000 to the SegWit2X 8000000, 6 months after bit 1 activation.
The first item above was coded in BIP91.
Unfortunately, if you read the BIP91, independently of NYA, you might come to the conclusion that BIP91 was only about lowering the threshold to 80%. In particular, BIP91 never mentions anything about the second point above, it never mentions that bit 4 80% threshold would also signal for a later hardfork increase in weight limit.
Because of this, even though there are claims that NYA (SegWit2X) reached 80% dominance, a close reading of BIP91 shows that the 80% dominance was only for SegWit activation, without necessarily a later 2x capacity hardfork (SegWit2X).
This ambiguity of bit 4 (NYA says it includes a 2x capacity hardfork, BIP91 says it does not) has continued to be a thorn in blocksize debates later. Economically speaking, Bitcoin futures between SegWit and SegWit2X showed strong economic dominance in favor of SegWit (SegWit2X futures were traded at a fraction in value of SegWit futures: I personally made a tidy but small amount of money betting against SegWit2X in the futures market), so suggesting that NYA achieved 80% dominance even in mining is laughable, but the NYA text that ties bit 4 to SegWit2X still exists.
Historically, BIP91 triggered which caused SegWit to activate before the BIP148 shorter timeout. BIP148 proponents continue to hold this day that it was the BIP148 shorter timeout and no-compromises-activate-on-August-1 that made miners flock to BIP91 as a face-saving tactic that actually removed the second clause of NYA. NYA supporters keep pointing to the bit 4 text in the NYA and the historical activation of BIP91 as a failed promise by Bitcoin developers.

Taproot Activation Proposals

There are two primary proposals I can see for Taproot activation:
  1. BIP8.
  2. Modern Softfork Activation.
We have discussed BIP8: roughly, it has bit and timeout, if 95% of miners signal bit it activates, at the end of timeout it activates. (EDIT: BIP8 has had recent updates: at the end of timeout it can now activate or fail. For the most part, in the below text "BIP8", means BIP8-and-activate-at-timeout, and "BIP9" means BIP8-and-fail-at-timeout)
So let's take a look at Modern Softfork Activation!

Modern Softfork Activation

This is a more complex activation method, composed of BIP9 and BIP8 as supcomponents.
  1. First have a 12-month BIP9 (fail at timeout).
  2. If the above fails to activate, have a 6-month discussion period during which users and developers and miners discuss whether to continue to step 3.
  3. Have a 24-month BIP8 (activate at timeout).
The total above is 42 months, if you are counting: 3.5 years worst-case activation.
The logic here is that if there are no problems, BIP9 will work just fine anyway. And if there are problems, the 6-month period should weed it out. Finally, miners cannot hold the feature hostage since the 24-month BIP8 period will exist anyway.

PSA: Being Resilient to Upgrades

Software is very birttle.
Anyone who has been using software for a long time has experienced something like this:
  1. You hear a new version of your favorite software has a nice new feature.
  2. Excited, you install the new version.
  3. You find that the new version has subtle incompatibilities with your current workflow.
  4. You are sad and downgrade to the older version.
  5. You find out that the new version has changed your files in incompatible ways that the old version cannot work with anymore.
  6. You tearfully reinstall the newer version and figure out how to get your lost productivity now that you have to adapt to a new workflow
If you are a technically-competent user, you might codify your workflow into a bunch of programs. And then you upgrade one of the external pieces of software you are using, and find that it has a subtle incompatibility with your current workflow which is based on a bunch of simple programs you wrote yourself. And if those simple programs are used as the basis of some important production system, you hve just screwed up because you upgraded software on an important production system.
And well, one of the issues with new softfork activation is that if not enough people (users and miners) upgrade to the newest Bitcoin software, the security of the new softfork rules are at risk.
Upgrading software of any kind is always a risk, and the more software you build on top of the software-being-upgraded, the greater you risk your tower of software collapsing while you change its foundations.
So if you have some complex Bitcoin-manipulating system with Bitcoin somewhere at the foundations, consider running two Bitcoin nodes:
  1. One is a "stable-version" Bitcoin node. Once it has synced, set it up to connect=x.x.x.x to the second node below (so that your ISP bandwidth is only spent on the second node). Use this node to run all your software: it's a stable version that you don't change for long periods of time. Enable txiindex, disable pruning, whatever your software needs.
  2. The other is an "always-up-to-date" Bitcoin Node. Keep its stoarge down with pruning (initially sync it off the "stable-version" node). You can't use blocksonly if your "stable-version" node needs to send transactions, but otherwise this "always-up-to-date" Bitcoin node can be kept as a low-resource node, so you can run both nodes in the same machine.
When a new Bitcoin version comes up, you just upgrade the "always-up-to-date" Bitcoin node. This protects you if a future softfork activates, you will only receive valid Bitcoin blocks and transactions. Since this node has nothing running on top of it, it is just a special peer of the "stable-version" node, any software incompatibilities with your system software do not exist.
Your "stable-version" Bitcoin node remains the same version until you are ready to actually upgrade this node and are prepared to rewrite most of the software you have running on top of it due to version compatibility problems.
When upgrading the "always-up-to-date", you can bring it down safely and then start it later. Your "stable-version" wil keep running, disconnected from the network, but otherwise still available for whatever queries. You do need some system to stop the "always-up-to-date" node if for any reason the "stable-version" goes down (otherwisee if the "always-up-to-date" advances its pruning window past what your "stable-version" has, the "stable-version" cannot sync afterwards), but if you are technically competent enough that you need to do this, you are technically competent enough to write such a trivial monitor program (EDIT: gmax notes you can adjust the pruning window by RPC commands to help with this as well).
This recommendation is from gmaxwell on IRC, by the way.
submitted by almkglor to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Some sites to make extra money

Hello Fellow Redditors,
I am going to list some of my income sources. I will try to give as much information as I can.
Some details about me:I am u/abhiearns, I am currently studying. I want to create some sort of extra income sources. I have been trying to use beermoney as well as other passive income communities like passive_income, passiveincome to find some sites and sources that can work for me.
Enough with the details, Let start by listing some of my extra income sources.
Active Earning: So, I will start with sites on which you have to work actively and devote some serious hours to earn some extra income. These are some beermoney sites (include survey sites, and other such sites):


Passive Earning (No Initial Investments): These will list some of my passive earning sources, I am not listing my investments here because I think they deserve a separate section.Disclaimer: I have 2 laptops and an extra phone so I use all of them for earning, the payments may vary depending on the number and power of various computers.




Passive Earning (Investments Required): These are the sources which require some sort of initial investment. These sources can be risky and there are chances to lose money.



\** I am still trying other sites and apps. I will keep updating this post.*
These are some of the sources I use to earn, I highly recommend these. I won't say you will become a millionaire using these but still its little more than you had yesterday.
submitted by abhiearns to thesidehustle [link] [comments]

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