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The Path To Crypto Trading Starts With Knowledge: A Brief Guide To Crypto TradingTrading cryptocurrencies has come into fad over the last few years and become a relatively good means of earning for both professional traders and enthusiasts. If we look at the price charts that have been compiled over the years by a variety of channels, we can see that the crypto market is exhibiting the market dynamics and fluctuations much like those that can be found on traditional markets. This makes it clear that the presence of volatility on the crypto market makes it a profitable area for trading.
Of course, the main question that arises in the minds of most aspiring crypto traders is how to make money trading cryptocurrencies. For this reason, many seek to learn how to day trade cryptocurrencies. Anyone willing to make the effort can truly find opportunities there. For instance, the exchange rate of BTC has grown from about $800 in 2013 to over $6,000 in 2019, after having spiked in price to over $20,000 in 2017. Ethereum was just as remarkable in its dynamics after having gone to $0.57 in 2014 to $1,180 in 2017 to $171 in 2019. Ripple was just as dynamic, going from $0.02 in 2014 to $0.32 in 2019. If that is not volatility, then we don’t know what is. This makes the crypto market one of the best avenues for risky traders seeking to make their fortunes. But mastering how to make those fortunes is over half the matter.
How To Start Trading CryptocurrenciesAnyone who wants to sink their teeth into the juicy cake of crypto trading has to first realize where cryptos are traded. Like every other financial instrument put up for trading, cryptocurrencies are placed on exchanges. The crypto market is host to over 200 exchanges, some more reputable than others. Among some of the best and renowned are Binance,BitMex, Bittrex, Huobi, Coinbase and many others.
Unlike traditional exchanges on Wall Street, crypto exchanges are divided into two types – centralized and decentralized. Both work on blockchain technologies and provide almost the same level of convenience, depending on the offered instruments and the architecture of user interface. However, some exchanges are decentralized, meaning that they do not store any of the user’s information, including the wallets on any of their servers or systems and resort to external services in this regard. Decentralized exchanges do not require any intermediaries to conduct any operations and perform all the order matching themselves.
On the other hand, centralized exchanges resort to a number of intermediary services to conduct their operations. The intermediaries provide anything from order matching to user wallet storage. This makes centralized exchanges much riskier and more expensive compared to their decentralized counterparts.
Despite the obvious differences in platform structure, there is also the issue of convenience. Most decentralized exchanges have horrible user interfaces and are much more difficult to master. But when it comes to speeds, centralized exchanges win over their decentralized counterparts, since their platforms are better suited for transactions. Though there are tendencies of reversing the issue, the situation still remains in favor of centralized exchanges.
Centralized exchanges win over decentralized ones in another important factor that is vital for trading – liquidity. Decentralized exchanges cannot compete with centralized ones in volumes of trading. However, decentralized exchanges win over in an almost complete lack of commissions and security, since they do not rely on any intermediaries.
When dealing with crypto exchanges, traders also need to know how crypto trading bots work. This is because bots are allowed on crypto exchanges facilitate trading considerably. When resorting to bots, it is important to first analyze the exchanges and understand which ones offer the best instruments for convenient trading.
Given the many restrictions placed on cryptocurrency trading in some countries, many traders would ask how to trade cryptocurrencies in the US. The issue is not as complicated as it might seem, since most reputable exchanges, like Binance and others operate legally on the US market. It is therefore necessary for traders to research their platforms of choice before using them to make sure they comply with US laws.
How To Trade CryptocurrenciesTrading cryptocurrencies is done almost in exactly the same way as with other financial instruments – through the application of a variety of strategies. The main strategies on the crypto market are much like those on other markets, such as Forex, and they include:
Scalping – the launch of a very large number of small orders for the purpose of making small profits in bulk, rather than waiting for one large win.
Intraday – this is the basic form of trading which involves placing orders during trading hours and buying and selling assets. This is the base strategy for fixing profits during the same day without risking off-hour volatility.
Investing – both long and short term investing is also a type of trading strategy, which involves waiting for an asset’s price to move (preferably up) and fixing the resulting profits.
There are dozens of trading strategies on the market and MoonTrader will allow its users to make use of all of them through its convenient interface.
How To Trade Bitcoin
Bitcoin is the most coveted coin out there with its volatility being its main allure and bane. The first and main question posed by any starting trader is how to trade Bitcoin for profit. In fact, this question is often associated with the question of how to become a Bitcoin trader, which in itself is a rather false view on the crypto market, since the latter is much bigger than Bitcoin alone. The issue of how Bitcoin trading works is largely a reflection of any trading process on the market and does not involve any special circumstances apart from the asset’s volatility.
Trading Bitcoin is done exactly the same way as with any other crypto asset. But with trading BTC comes the question of how to automate Bitcoin trading. This is where traders must first realize that their exchange of choice and strategy will be the determining factors in the question of automation and the use of bots.
How to trade Ethereum
Ethereum is the second most popular name on the market after Bitcoin and is traded in exactly the same way. Ethereum is considered to be a less risky asset, since its prices are lower and it is far more commonly encountered than its more expensive counterpart.
How To Trade Ripple
Ripple is the third most frequently encountered name on most crypto asset charts, mostly because of its relatively low volatility and popularity as an instrument for transactions used by some banks. The confidence that traders have in Ripple and its low price makes it a favorite for beginning traders and a low-cost option for scalping orders.
Learning How To Trade CryptocurrencyThe biggest challenge facing any aspiring trader who wishes to join the crypto market and start trading Bitcoin and other assets is learning how to do it properly. In fact, reading is the only way followed by a gradual and phased transition from test trading to real trading. The process may well be painful at first, but experience counts the most in trading.
MoonTrader knows all too well how difficult it may be to learn the ropes of crypto trading, so the platform is delighted to present an entire block of content devoted exclusively to educational content.
The https://moontrader.com/en/category/beginners-guide-to-trading-crypto/ section offers accessible, clear and valuable insight into the steps necessary to start the journey into crypto trading.
The RisksCrypto trading is not without its risks. The market is inherently risky for a number of factors. Ironically, the profit making factor of volatility is also the factor that can reduce profits to losses. When embarking on the journey of crypto trading, aspiring traders must realize and ascertain the risks involved and consciously undertake all of their next steps.
The best step to take is to create a trading strategy first and rely on one of the most important instruments available on the market – the margin. By trading with a margin, traders can minimize their losses and ensure a great enough volume of trading. Binance Futures, for example, offers a large variety of margins from x1 to x125 to ensure that traders have the necessary leverage to trade effectively.
It is important to note that margin trading is an advanced instrument and cannot be reliable enough for novice traders. As such, MoonTrader encourages aspiring traders to refrain from margin trading until they are confident enough to risk greater volumes of assets during trading.
Keep It GoingLearning is the process of acquiring experience and the latter counts the most in trading. Before embarking on the path of trading cryptocurrencies, traders must first compile a large enough amount of knowledge that they will be able to rely upon in the variety of situations that can arise on the market. First and foremost, it is vital to refrain from negative sentiment and look ahead into brighter prospects. Secondly, aspiring traders must study the market and find a suitable platform. Thirdly, novice traders must build a strategy that suits their characters and styles and make sure to abide by it. Once that has been mastered, they can start delving into the more advanced aspects of trading.
Whatever path traders take, MoonTrader will be there to help them with both information and instruments to make sure their trading is profitable and enjoyable.
Check us out at https://moontrader.io
Originally posted on our blog.
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|121||Pacific Ethanol Inc||PEIX||adamtejot||1||$2.69||$4.78||78%|
|90||FORUM MERGER II/SH CL A||FMCI||Mug_of_coffee||3||$14.53||$25.38||75%|
|38||Tupperware Brands Corporation||TUP||Scumbaggedfriends||1||$14.98||$23.89||59%|
|218||Else Nutrition Holdings Inc||BABYF||PringlesAreUs||1||$1.36||$2.06||51%|
|192||WELL Health Technologies Corp||TSE:WELL||Unlucky-Prize, IcemanVish||2||$4.49||$6.33||41%|
|157||Workhorse Group Inc||WKHS||VisionsDB||5||$16.52||$23.06||40%|
|158||KEFI Gold and Copper Plc||LON:KEFI||Scipio-Africannabis-||1||$1.88||$2.58||37%|
|69||Nio Inc - ADR||NIO||makesalotofmoney, Carrera_GT, Charlie Brown364||3||$13.42||$17.90||33%|
|245||Paradox Interactive AB (publ)||OTCMKTS:PRXXF||I_worship_odin||1||$24.30||$31.70||30%|
|80||UTZ BRANDS INC/SH CL A NV||UTZ||RIC_FLAIR-WOOO||5||$13.84||$17.76||28%|
|194||10X Genomics Inc||TXG||Unlucky-Prize||1||$96.13||$123.17||28%|
|26||Tesla Inc||TSLA||Skurinator, goldcakes, redmars1234, Drortmeyer2017||3||$290.54||$371.75||28%|
|78||Travelcenters of America Inc||TA||jk_tilt||1||$17.27||$21.75||26%|
|233||Mamamancini's Holdings Inc||MMMB||Jayesslee||1||$1.70||$2.10||24%|
|225||SPARTAN ENERGY /SH||SPAQ||bigsexy12||1||$12.36||$15.21||23%|
|214||Inspire Medical Systems Inc||INSP||JPINFV2||1||$104.92||$128.80||23%|
|101||Immunovia AB (publ)||IMMNOV||jennyther||3||$161.60||$197.00||22%|
|188||Penn National Gaming, Inc||PENN||Calpool||1||$49.00||$59.72||22%|
|213||Sibanye Stillwater Ltd||SBSW||marqui4me||1||$11.39||$13.74||21%|
|248||Six Flags Entertainment Corp||SIX||EthosPathosLegos||1||$18.38||$22.17||21%|
|149||Planet 13 Holdings Inc||PLNHF||MMatter1||3||$2.67||$3.20||20%|
|71||InVitae Corp||NVTA||emtvaikkajoku, CrackHeadRodeo||6||$28.43||$33.28||17%|
|179||Millicom International Cellular SA(SWE)||STO:TIGO-SDB||joseph460||1||$245.50||$287.00||17%|
|48||Proto Labs Inc||PRLB||JEesSs||3||$130.13||$150.38||16%|
|159||General Motors Company||GM||Buttershine_Beta||-1||$26.72||$30.51||14%|
|148||Peabody Energy Corporation||BTU||aviatoraway1||0||$2.52||$2.84||13%|
|146||CBS Corporation Common Stock||VIAC||1987supertramp||1||$26.21||$29.46||12%|
|109||Canadian Solar Inc.||CSIQ||MrMineHeads, vvv561||6||$25.32||$28.40||12%|
|41||Uber Technologies Inc||Uber||DukeBD2021||-1||$32.90||$36.72||12%|
|55||Hikma Pharmaceuticals Plc||HKMPF||Marvins-Room||1||$31.08||$34.38||11%|
|17||Ally Financial Inc||ALLY||jcurtis44||1||$21.47||$23.71||10%|
|13||NVIDIA Corporation||NVDA||TBSchemer, friedtea15||66||$447.98||$490.43||9%|
|72||Sea Ltd||SE||scatterblodded, tradeintel828384839, thug_funnie, Meymo||16||$129.00||$141.21||9%|
|243||Trulieve Cannabis Corp||TCNNF||grphelps1, Cucumber_Cooling||2||$18.83||$20.49||9%|
|73||Digital Turbine Inc||APPS||toop4||6||$22.59||$24.51||8%|
|70||Alibaba Group Holding Ltd - ADR||BABA||helio987, ScreeMart, Necessary_Club_6714||-1||$252.10||$271.66||8%|
|206||RENAULT S A/ADR||RNLSY||jw8700||1||$5.33||$5.74||8%|
|234||Great Panther Mining Ltd||GPL||Tony0x01||1||$0.93||$1.00||8%|
|77||Inmode Ltd||INMD||meta-cognizant, craneman813||4||$31.77||$34.15||7%|
|97||Magnachip Semiconductor Corp||MX||samtony234||1||$12.08||$12.97||7%|
|79||Maverix Metals Inc||MMX||AwesomeMathUse||1||$4.61||$4.93||7%|
|145||Edwards Lifesciences Corp||EW||TheTubbyOlive||1||$76.94||$82.17||7%|
|250||PROSHARES TULTRA MSCI JAPAN||EZJ||Necessary_Club_6714||1||$32.13||$34.31||7%|
|98||Games Workshop Group PLC||OTCMKTS:GMWKF||MAUSECOP, Thenattylimit||2||$120.95||$129.15||7%|
|123||Innovative Industrial Properties Inc||IIPR||Dalis_Ktm||1||$114.63||$122.40||7%|
|227||Cameco Corp||CCJ||jh4962772, Commandobolt, 3STmotivation||13||$10.37||$10.99||6%|
|124||New Relic Inc||NEWR||Dalis_Ktm||1||$53.62||$56.52||5%|
|114||Brainstorm Cell Therapeutics Inc||BCLI||BigSexyTolo||2||$12.79||$13.47||5%|
|138||GLB X FUNDS/HEALTH & WELLNESS T||BFIT||Venhuizer||2||$20.69||$21.76||5%|
|45||Best Buy Co Inc||BBY||1madeamistake||2||$102.90||$107.74||5%|
|29||Berkshire Hathaway Inc. Class B||BRK.B||Jeroen_Jrn, Cuza||31||$209.48||$218.92||5%|
|86||Essent Group Ltd||ESNT||veggie-man||1||$35.82||$37.39||4%|
|254||Nuance Communications Inc.||NUAN||IwantmyMTZ||1||$29.48||$30.77||4%|
|43||Plug Power Inc||PLUG||lukwas_||4||$11.28||$11.72||4%|
|35||Beyond Meat Inc||BYND||Kreisensalat, _Flipside_||8||$131.51||$136.50||4%|
|134||Intel Corporation||INTC||ionlypwn, TitanCrasher54, niknikniknikniknik1||5||$48.03||$49.85||4%|
|252||INVESCO EXCHANG/SOLAR ETF||TAN||z74al||2||$51.20||$52.99||3%|
|117||Altria Group Inc||MO||ARGENT_UM_PUR, gm14202||1||$42.17||$43.58||3%|
|164||Intuitive Surgical, Inc.||ISRG||swalloforswallo||2||$685.85||$708.14||3%|
|83||Taal Distributed Information Techs Inc||TAAL||AwesomeMathUse||1||$1.85||$1.91||3%|
|19||Alexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc.||ALXN||fisk47||39||$103.28||$106.62||3%|
|75||Boston Beer Company Inc||SAM||Top_Island||2||$825.79||$850.00||3%|
|228||ISHARES TGLB CLEAN ENERGY ET||ICLN||drheman25Q||1||$15.88||$16.28||3%|
|87||Pershing Square Tontine Holdings, Ltd||NYSE:PSTH-UN||5_yr_lurker||7||$21.08||$21.60||2%|
|30||Walt Disney Co||DIS||jadenmc2189, biz_student||6||$129.93||$133.00||2%|
|211||NESTLE S A/S ADR||NSRGY||suburban_robot||1||$118.47||$121.20||2%|
|186||Golden Minerals Co||AUMN||YEEEEEAAAAA||1||$0.44||$0.45||2%|
|102||Tandem Diabetes Care Inc||TNDM||liao24||1||$104.15||$106.48||2%|
|135||Veeva Systems Inc||VEEV||JohnSpartans||3||$261.22||$266.74||2%|
|231||Simulations Plus, Inc.||SLP||hellohi3||1||$65.83||$67.11||2%|
|92||Brookfield Asset Management Inc||BAM||duongroi, Avaronah||2||$32.32||$32.91||2%|
|129||Aphria Inc||APHA||Aprhria, Bdghablig||1||$4.47||$4.54||2%|
|171||JPMorgan Chase & Co.||JPM||wrs97||1||$99.38||$100.86||1%|
|40||Spirit Airlines Incorporated||SAVE||Matous_Palecek||0||$17.28||$17.53||1%|
|240||Westinghouse Air Brake Technologies Corp||WAB||warman506||1||$67.23||$68.18||1%|
|204||Cardlytics Inc||CDLX||whossayn, YarManYak||2||$66.28||$67.21||1%|
|216||Kirkland Lake Gold Ltd||KL||New_username_||1||$52.58||$53.30||1%|
|244||Axon Enterprise Inc||AAXN||ansofteng||1||$83.88||$84.93||1%|
|32||Realty Income Corp||O||bushysmalls||5||$62.72||$63.44||1%|
|42||Wizz Air Holdings PLC||WIZZ||Matous_Palecek||2||$3,412.00||$3,443.23||1%|
|126||GLB X FUNDS/VIDEO GAMES & ESPORTS E||HERO||sgtyzi||1||$26.00||$26.23||1%|
|63||Livongo Health Inc||LVGO||staniel_diverson, Raybay192, Drifter 1996, moveitover||22||$120.88||$121.80||1%|
|181||NCR Corporation||NCR||IAMBEOWULFF, fistymonkey1337||4||$20.11||$20.23||1%|
|74||CD PROJEKT S A/ADR||OTGLY||Thtb||8||$28.50||$28.67||1%|
|93||Federal National Mortgage Association||FNMA||figbuilding, onkel_axel||2||$2.12||$2.12||0%|
|31||Pharmacyte Biotech Inc||PMCB||DillieTheSquid||0||$0.01||$0.01||0%|
|133||Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund Admiral Shares||VTSAX||WackyBeachJustice||1||$82.67||$82.32||0%|
|212||Yeti Holdings Inc||YETI||boomwhackers||1||$50.40||$50.14||-1%|
|196||Booz Allen Hamilton Holding Corporation||BAH||i_smel_hookers||1||$84.67||$84.23||-1%|
|44||Raytheon Technologies Corp||RTX||anon2019L||21||$61.23||$60.81||-1%|
|54||ASML Holding NV||ASML||EthosPathosLegos, earthmoonsun||15||$366.07||$363.20||-1%|
|76||Taiwan Semiconductor Mfg. Co. Ltd.||TSM||Paks_12345, sogladatwork, BlissfulThinkr||13||$80.03||$79.16||-1%|
|122||Helen of Troy Limited||HELE||aa341||1||$201.26||$199.02||-1%|
|11||Nathan's Famous, Inc.||NATH||howtoreadspaghetti||1||$51.25||$50.65||-1%|
|166||Purple Innovation Inc||PRPL||jloy88, CharlieBrown364, RemiMartin||6||$23.95||$23.59||-2%|
|113||Atlassian Corporation PLC||TEAM||shadowrckts||1||$170.93||$168.23||-2%|
|33||BlackBerry Ltd||BB||mh1t, EthosPathosLegos||25||$4.84||$4.76||-2%|
|139||EHang Holdings Ltd - ADR||EH||TheEUR0PEAN||1||$9.21||$9.04||-2%|
|137||TJX Companies Inc||TJX||princess-smartypants||3||$55.45||$54.41||-2%|
|5||Intellia Therapeutics Inc||NTLA||earthmoonsun||7||$19.83||$19.45||-2%|
|140||Brookfield Renewable Partners LP||BEP||YourPineapplePunch||1||$45.25||$44.34||-2%|
|184||Ares Capital Corporation||ARCC||ThemChecks||1||$14.87||$14.54||-2%|
|143||American Tower Corp||AMT||editviewgo||1||$257.61||$251.69||-2%|
|132||PROSHARES TULTRAPRO QQQ||TQQQ||iggy555, Guiterrezjm6||5||$126.99||$124.06||-2%|
|46||Oxford BioMedica plc||OXB||arabidopsis||12||$850.00||$830.00||-2%|
|128||Bank of America Corp||BAC||oobydoobydoobydoo, wrs97||2||$26.11||$25.46||-2%|
|152||H&R Real Estate Investment Trust||HR.UN||CaptainCanuck93||0||$10.34||$10.08||-3%|
|229||CDW common stock||CDW||plorfu||1||$114.77||$111.47||-3%|
|130||Docusign Inc||DOCU||h3ku, Teach-101||0||$204.76||$198.75||-3%|
|153||Spotify Technology SA||SPOT||_Hard4Jesus||0||$252.12||$243.88||-3%|
|105||Wells Fargo & Co||WFC||yehdhbdjdjd||1||$25.07||$24.20||-3%|
|111||1ST TR EXCHANGE/NASDAQ CEA CYBERSEC||CIBR||komoggmu321||1||$35.40||$34.07||-4%|
|162||New York Times Co||NYT||jonhuang||1||$45.61||$43.86||-4%|
|23||Activision Blizzard, Inc.||ATVI||Mondanivalo||12||$82.47||$79.17||-4%|
|81||Franco Nevada Corp||FNV||AwesomeMathUse||1||$153.57||$146.93||-4%|
|12||Rocky Mountain Chocolate Factory, Inc.||RMCF||howtoreadspaghetti||1||$3.20||$3.05||-5%|
|217||LONZA GRP AG/ADR||LZAGY||Fuck512||1||$62.92||$59.94||-5%|
|142||Crown Castle International Corp||CCI||jkgator||1||$168.19||$159.72||-5%|
|10||Molson Coors Beverage Co Class B||TAP||howtoreadspaghetti||1||$37.27||$35.28||-5%|
|99||Gilead Sciences, Inc.||GILD||Leroy--Brown||1||$69.35||$65.60||-5%|
|141||TPI Composites Inc||TPIC||polwas||1||$28.81||$27.25||-5%|
|161||Micron Technology, Inc.||MU||Wexoch||3||$48.75||$46.02||-6%|
|175||American Water Works Company Inc||AWK||InfamousLegato||1||$149.79||$141.35||-6%|
|7||Square Inc||SQ||cuti95, ConstructivePlayer, Lfastrsx, jercky, CharlieBrown364||21||$147.22||$138.87||-6%|
|182||Logitech International SA||LOGI||CharlieBrown364||1||$73.03||$68.88||-6%|
|68||Turtle Beach Corp||HEAR||chancsc11||1||$18.37||$17.30||-6%|
|57||VirnetX Holding Corporation||VHC||vyts18||2||$5.26||$4.95||-6%|
|107||Maxar Technologies Inc||MAXR||Borne2Run||1||$24.74||$23.27||-6%|
|20||Horizon Therapeutics PLC||HZNP||thesearchforanswer||3||$76.06||$71.16||-6%|
|106||TransMedics Group Inc||TMDX||DropoutEngy||1||$18.05||$16.84||-7%|
|156||GFL Environmental Inc||GFL||lenadunhamsbutthole||1||$21.56||$20.10||-7%|
|108||Ingles Markets, Incorporated||IMKTA||kimjungoon||1||$42.97||$40.01||-7%|
|209||Cresco Labs Inc||CRLBF||UncleSlippyFist||1||$6.28||$5.80||-8%|
|165||Daqo New Energy Corp||DQ||stonk_daddy||1||$122.55||$112.96||-8%|
|14||Walker & Dunlop, Inc.||WD||TBSchemer||0||$57.70||$52.84||-8%|
|25||Pan African Resources plc||PAF||Fruity_Pineapple||2||$26.30||$24.00||-9%|
|219||FLIR Systems, Inc.||FLIR||_zerokarma_||1||$37.48||$34.12||-9%|
|8||Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.||AMD||ArneGo, apqwer, LoveOfProfit||13||$84.85||$77.23||-9%|
|21||Enphase Energy Inc||ENPH||deGoblin||31||$72.84||$65.93||-9%|
|88||Match Group Inc||MTCH||BallinLikeImKobe24||1||$115.88||$104.50||-10%|
|187||Brookfield Property Partners LP Unit||BPY||Onarco||1||$11.75||$10.59||-10%|
|94||Rigel Pharmaceuticals, Inc.||RIGL||Gay_Demons||1||$2.58||$2.32||-10%|
|85||Empire State Realty Trust Inc||ESRT||silverpaw1786||4||$6.66||$5.97||-10%|
|147||Polaris Infrastructure Inc||RAMPF||CaptainCanuck93||1||$11.50||$10.30||-10%|
|125||Universal Display Corporation||OLED||niknikniknikniknik1||1||$186.51||$166.37||-11%|
|4||Editas Medicine Inc||EDIT||earthmoonsun||7||$34.71||$30.85||-11%|
|223||CVS Health Corp||CVS||handsomeandsmart_||2||$64.96||$57.57||-11%|
|202||Slack Technologies Inc||WORK||AntwanDixon_||2||$28.95||$25.65||-11%|
|65||Cyberark Software Ltd||CYBR||Kevenam||2||$110.59||$97.84||-12%|
|116||Mills Music Trust Unit||OTCMKTS:MMTRS||ARGENT_UM_PUR||1||$39.00||$34.50||-12%|
|64||Valero Energy Corporation||VLO||chickenandcheesefart||1||$52.66||$46.50||-12%|
|151||Gran Colombia Gold Corp||TSE:GCM||Linnake||0||$7.46||$6.57||-12%|
|49||Solaredge Technologies Inc||SEDG||m4r1vs||14||$211.47||$185.52||-12%|
|249||New York Mortgage Trust Inc||NYMT||ToKeepAndToHoldForev||1||$2.77||$2.43||-12%|
|67||Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (Btc)||GBTC||asherlevi||2||$13.06||$11.39||-13%|
|247||BELLUS Health Inc||BLU||NhatNguyen2112||1||$2.74||$2.37||-14%|
|112||John B. Sanfilippo & Son, Inc.||JBSS||chris011186||2||$89.24||$77.01||-14%|
|103||Huntington Ingalls Industries Inc||HII||howtoreadspaghetti||1||$167.90||$144.60||-14%|
|15||Limelight Networks, Inc.||LLNW||cyberdex, thug_funnie||3||$6.10||$5.23||-14%|
|118||Elevate Credit Inc||ELVT||ScoreFuture||1||$2.58||$2.21||-14%|
|28||Ageagle Aerial Systems Inc||UAVS||fishkillr||16||$3.26||$2.78||-15%|
|53||Trade Desk Inc||TTD||all_hail_hypno, Kay312010||6||$493.20||$419.05||-15%|
|36||Cloudflare Inc||NET||thereisnospoongeek, olliemacg, Boots2243||220||$40.06||$33.96||-15%|
|183||Anglo Asian Mining||LON:AAZ||krenaldi1||1||$161.50||$135.00||-16%|
|168||Fire & Flower Holdings Corp||TSE:FAF||tobcar||1||$1.01||$0.84||-17%|
|230||Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp||SOLO||IHaveUsernameBlock||1||$3.07||$2.55||-17%|
|207||First Mining Gold Corp||FFMGF||RecCenterBall||0||$0.41||$0.34||-17%|
|6||Dicerna Pharmaceuticals Inc||DRNA||earthmoonsun||7||$21.03||$17.40||-17%|
|59||Nokia Oyj||NOK||perfectriot, LiabilityFree||52||$4.98||$4.12||-17%|
|89||Xebec Adsorption Inc.||XBC||Mug_of_coffee||3||$4.95||$4.06||-18%|
|52||Fluor Corporation (NEW)||FLR||lost_searching||2||$11.38||$9.24||-19%|
|236||Banco Bbva Argentina SA||BBAR||GAV17||1||$4.23||$3.35||-21%|
|155||FuelCell Energy Inc||FCEL||i-kno-nothing, dewaser||2||$2.68||$2.12||-21%|
|150||Aytu Bioscience Inc||AYTU||Bkzkilla2, beefy-ambulance, subaruveganguy22||2||$1.38||$1.09||-21%|
|203||Rite Aid Corporation||RAD||ManagerMilkshake||1||$15.05||$11.85||-21%|
|39||Drive Shack Inc||DS||Bobjenkins97||2||$1.65||$1.29||-22%|
|2||Lemonade Inc||LMND||br1ghtness, skkreet, hahadumblloyd||4||$66.84||$51.91||-22%|
|163||Schrodinger Inc||SDGR||TipasaNuptials, asianmarysue, RattleGoreBitcoin||1||$71.17||$54.99||-23%|
|3||Crispr Therapeutics AG||CRSP||emtvaikkajoku||98||$89.81||$68.54||-24%|
|91||Waitr Holdings Inc||WTRH||exstaticj||1||$5.15||$3.75||-27%|
|174||Patriot One Technologies Inc||PTOTF||DanReynolds||1||$0.73||$0.53||-27%|
|180||ACM Research Inc||ACMR||moveitover||1||$101.92||$67.32||-34%|
|251||Genius Brands International Inc||GNUS||due11||1||$1.59||$1.02||-36%|
|205||Agraflora Organics International Inc||AGRA||spreeshark||1||$0.05||$0.03||-40%|
|178||Retractable Technologies, Inc.||RVP||EmreCanPuns||1||$10.18||$5.92||-42%|
|160||Opko Health Inc.||OPK||CS1026||1||$5.63||$3.02||-46%|
|58||Jumia Technologies AG - ADR||JMIA||Jerund, souptrades, 7YearOldCodPlayer, CharlieBrown364, fortnitehead||7||$19.26||$8.38||-56%|
|177||Sorrento Therapeutics Inc||SRNE||DowJonesLocker||1||$14.42||$6.27||-57%|
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- [UPDATE] ABS-CBN [ABS 9.00 ▼14.93%] confirms distribution deal with Zoe TV’s rebranded “A2Z Channel”... this is just confirmation of the fire that caused the ceiling-play smoke a couple of days ago that saw the ABS stock price rise 50% intraday. According to this press release, ABS-CBN and Zoe Broadcasting Network Inc have made a deal to show “some entertainment shows and movies of ABS-CBN” on A2Z Channel 11, a newly re-branded Zoe Broadcasting Network channel that will broadcast on analog TV in Metro Manila and surrounding provinces. ABS content will start appearing on this new A2Z channel starting October 10.
- MB: No details yet on what content, exactly, will be shown, but the wording of the press release is interesting. It mentions “entertainment and movies” specifically, but leaves out politically-adjacent topics like news or analysis/interview shows. The Inquirer is reporting a rumor that “It’s Showtime” and “ASAP Natin ‘To” will be part of the content to make its way to A2Z Channel 11, but that has not been confirmed. Investors will want to watch this closely to see how well ABS is able to monetize this agreement with advertising, and to see how the government reacts as more ABS content moves into this pipeline.
- [UPDATE] Wild DITO CME [DITO 6.81 unch], NOW Communications [NOW 4.98 ▲13.44%], and Chelsea Logistics [C 5.90 ▼4.07%] price action in yesterday’s session... the NOW and DITO pump has been massive and constant. But this last week was especially spicy, with yesterday’s session just an absolute gong-show that caused brokerage meltdowns. DITO opened the day at P7/share, up 3% on the previous day’s close, and steadily gained to a high-water mark of P8.02/share (+18%) at around 11:45am. At 11:45am, DITO had a marketcap of P22.5bn. In the next 27 minutes, DITO would lose P7.4bn in marketcap as the price imploded to P5.38/share, swinging from an 18% gain on the day to a 21% loss. Then, over the next 30 minutes, completely erasing that loss and ending the day right where it started, at P6.81/share. 2.09 billion shares changed hands on the PSE yesterday; DITO accounted for 16% of the day’s total volume (355 million shares). The three companies combined accounted for over 28% of all shares traded.
- MB: MB: The amount of market uncertainty here is incredible. Traders love it, investors hate it. DITO doesn’t even own DITO Telecommunity, or anything else of material value for that matter, NOW just diluted shareholders with a bearish low-price sweetheart deal, and Chelsea is a company of tugboats and passenger ferries that happens to own a sliver of Dennis Uy’s enigmatic telecom. NOW has a long history of playing the “press release pump and dump” game, and I can only imagine that it’s happy just to be along for the ride, fluffing feathers before a potential IPO by way of introduction. Everyone in the Philippines can sense that connectivity is a bull market, whether that be mobile data (C, GLO, TEL.... then NOW) or broadband (GLO, TEL, CNVRG)...so money just keeps pouring into telco-related stocks. And it makes sense, too, given how few options there are right now on the PSE for anything that looks both pandemic-resilient and secularly profitable. But some of these things are not like the others. Some of these things will crush it, and some will not. Be careful trading telcos that you remember whether you’re being a trader (short term) or an investor (long term). Don’t start out as a trader, forget to place stops, then wind up as an investor with an investment that’s underwater. BE CAREFUL. EDIT: Also, COL Financial, get your act together. You blew AREIT and MM, and you blew yesterday's Telecommotion. At this point, traders/investors should not make plans in reliance on COL Financial's execution of a buy or sell trade.
Reposting after was mistakenly removed by mods (since resolved - Thanks)submitted by xSeq22x to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]
A frequent question I see being asked is how Cosmos, Polkadot and Avalanche compare? Whilst there are similarities there are also a lot of differences. This article is not intended to be an extensive in-depth list, but rather an overview based on some of the criteria that I feel are most important.
For better formatting see https://medium.com/ava-hub/comparison-between-avalanche-cosmos-and-polkadot-a2a98f46c03b
CosmosCosmos is a heterogeneous network of many independent parallel blockchains, each powered by classical BFT consensus algorithms like Tendermint. Developers can easily build custom application specific blockchains, called Zones, through the Cosmos SDK framework. These Zones connect to Hubs, which are specifically designed to connect zones together.
The vision of Cosmos is to have thousands of Zones and Hubs that are Interoperable through the Inter-Blockchain Communication Protocol (IBC). Cosmos can also connect to other systems through peg zones, which are specifically designed zones that each are custom made to interact with another ecosystem such as Ethereum and Bitcoin. Cosmos does not use Sharding with each Zone and Hub being sovereign with their own validator set.
For a more in-depth look at Cosmos and provide more reference to points made in this article, please see my three part series — Part One, Part Two, Part Three
(There's a youtube video with a quick video overview of Cosmos on the medium article - https://medium.com/ava-hub/comparison-between-avalanche-cosmos-and-polkadot-a2a98f46c03b)
PolkadotPolkadot is a heterogeneous blockchain protocol that connects multiple specialised blockchains into one unified network. It achieves scalability through a sharding infrastructure with multiple blockchains running in parallel, called parachains, that connect to a central chain called the Relay Chain. Developers can easily build custom application specific parachains through the Substrate development framework.
The relay chain validates the state transition of connected parachains, providing shared state across the entire ecosystem. If the Relay Chain must revert for any reason, then all of the parachains would also revert. This is to ensure that the validity of the entire system can persist, and no individual part is corruptible. The shared state makes it so that the trust assumptions when using parachains are only those of the Relay Chain validator set, and no other. Interoperability is enabled between parachains through Cross-Chain Message Passing (XCMP) protocol and is also possible to connect to other systems through bridges, which are specifically designed parachains or parathreads that each are custom made to interact with another ecosystem such as Ethereum and Bitcoin. The hope is to have 100 parachains connect to the relay chain.
For a more in-depth look at Polkadot and provide more reference to points made in this article, please see my three part series — Part One, Part Two, Part Three
(There's a youtube video with a quick video overview of Polkadot on the medium article - https://medium.com/ava-hub/comparison-between-avalanche-cosmos-and-polkadot-a2a98f46c03b)
AvalancheAvalanche is a platform of platforms, ultimately consisting of thousands of subnets to form a heterogeneous interoperable network of many blockchains, that takes advantage of the revolutionary Avalanche Consensus protocols to provide a secure, globally distributed, interoperable and trustless framework offering unprecedented decentralisation whilst being able to comply with regulatory requirements.
Avalanche allows anyone to create their own tailor-made application specific blockchains, supporting multiple custom virtual machines such as EVM and WASM and written in popular languages like Go (with others coming in the future) rather than lightly used, poorly-understood languages like Solidity. This virtual machine can then be deployed on a custom blockchain network, called a subnet, which consist of a dynamic set of validators working together to achieve consensus on the state of a set of many blockchains where complex rulesets can be configured to meet regulatory compliance.
Avalanche was built with serving financial markets in mind. It has native support for easily creating and trading digital smart assets with complex custom rule sets that define how the asset is handled and traded to ensure regulatory compliance can be met. Interoperability is enabled between blockchains within a subnet as well as between subnets. Like Cosmos and Polkadot, Avalanche is also able to connect to other systems through bridges, through custom virtual machines made to interact with another ecosystem such as Ethereum and Bitcoin.
For a more in-depth look at Avalanche and provide more reference to points made in this article, please see here and here
(There's a youtube video with a quick video overview of Avalanche on the medium article - https://medium.com/ava-hub/comparison-between-avalanche-cosmos-and-polkadot-a2a98f46c03b)
Comparison between Cosmos, Polkadot and AvalancheA frequent question I see being asked is how Cosmos, Polkadot and Avalanche compare? Whilst there are similarities there are also a lot of differences. This article is not intended to be an extensive in-depth list, but rather an overview based on some of the criteria that I feel are most important. For a more in-depth view I recommend reading the articles for each of the projects linked above and coming to your own conclusions. I want to stress that it’s not a case of one platform being the killer of all other platforms, far from it. There won’t be one platform to rule them all, and too often the tribalism has plagued this space. Blockchains are going to completely revolutionise most industries and have a profound effect on the world we know today. It’s still very early in this space with most adoption limited to speculation and trading mainly due to the limitations of Blockchain and current iteration of Ethereum, which all three of these platforms hope to address. For those who just want a quick summary see the image at the bottom of the article. With that said let’s have a look
CosmosEach Zone and Hub in Cosmos is capable of up to around 1000 transactions per second with bandwidth being the bottleneck in consensus. Cosmos aims to have thousands of Zones and Hubs all connected through IBC. There is no limit on the number of Zones / Hubs that can be created
PolkadotParachains in Polkadot are also capable of up to around 1500 transactions per second. A portion of the parachain slots on the Relay Chain will be designated as part of the parathread pool, the performance of a parachain is split between many parathreads offering lower performance and compete amongst themselves in a per-block auction to have their transactions included in the next relay chain block. The number of parachains is limited by the number of validators on the relay chain, they hope to be able to achieve 100 parachains.
AvalancheAvalanche is capable of around 4500 transactions per second per subnet, this is based on modest hardware requirements to ensure maximum decentralisation of just 2 CPU cores and 4 GB of Memory and with a validator size of over 2,000 nodes. Performance is CPU-bound and if higher performance is required then more specialised subnets can be created with higher minimum requirements to be able to achieve 10,000 tps+ in a subnet. Avalanche aims to have thousands of subnets (each with multiple virtual machines / blockchains) all interoperable with each other. There is no limit on the number of Subnets that can be created.
ResultsAll three platforms offer vastly superior performance to the likes of Bitcoin and Ethereum 1.0. Avalanche with its higher transactions per second, no limit on the number of subnets / blockchains that can be created and the consensus can scale to potentially millions of validators all participating in consensus scores ✅✅✅. Polkadot claims to offer more tps than cosmos, but is limited to the number of parachains (around 100) whereas with Cosmos there is no limit on the number of hubs / zones that can be created. Cosmos is limited to a fairly small validator size of around 200 before performance degrades whereas Polkadot hopes to be able to reach 1000 validators in the relay chain (albeit only a small number of validators are assigned to each parachain). Thus Cosmos and Polkadot scores ✅✅
CosmosTendermint consensus is limited to around 200 validators before performance starts to degrade. Whilst there is the Cosmos Hub it is one of many hubs in the network and there is no central hub or limit on the number of zones / hubs that can be created.
PolkadotPolkadot has 1000 validators in the relay chain and these are split up into a small number that validate each parachain (minimum of 14). The relay chain is a central point of failure as all parachains connect to it and the number of parachains is limited depending on the number of validators (they hope to achieve 100 parachains). Due to the limited number of parachain slots available, significant sums of DOT will need to be purchased to win an auction to lease the slot for up to 24 months at a time. Thus likely to lead to only those with enough funds to secure a parachain slot. Parathreads are however an alternative for those that require less and more varied performance for those that can’t secure a parachain slot.
AvalancheAvalanche consensus scan scale to tens of thousands of validators, even potentially millions of validators all participating in consensus through repeated sub-sampling. The more validators, the faster the network becomes as the load is split between them. There are modest hardware requirements so anyone can run a node and there is no limit on the number of subnets / virtual machines that can be created.
ResultsAvalanche offers unparalleled decentralisation using its revolutionary consensus protocols that can scale to millions of validators all participating in consensus at the same time. There is no limit to the number of subnets and virtual machines that can be created, and they can be created by anyone for a small fee, it scores ✅✅✅. Cosmos is limited to 200 validators but no limit on the number of zones / hubs that can be created, which anyone can create and scores ✅✅. Polkadot hopes to accommodate 1000 validators in the relay chain (albeit these are split amongst each of the parachains). The number of parachains is limited and maybe cost prohibitive for many and the relay chain is a ultimately a single point of failure. Whilst definitely not saying it’s centralised and it is more decentralised than many others, just in comparison between the three, it scores ✅
CosmosTendermint consensus used in Cosmos reaches finality within 6 seconds. Cosmos consists of many Zones and Hubs that connect to each other. Communication between 2 zones could pass through many hubs along the way, thus also can contribute to latency times depending on the path taken as explained in part two of the articles on Cosmos. It doesn’t need to wait for an extended period of time with risk of rollbacks.
PolkadotPolkadot provides a Hybrid consensus protocol consisting of Block producing protocol, BABE, and then a finality gadget called GRANDPA that works to agree on a chain, out of many possible forks, by following some simpler fork choice rule. Rather than voting on every block, instead it reaches agreements on chains. As soon as more than 2/3 of validators attest to a chain containing a certain block, all blocks leading up to that one are finalized at once.
If an invalid block is detected after it has been finalised then the relay chain would need to be reverted along with every parachain. This is particularly important when connecting to external blockchains as those don’t share the state of the relay chain and thus can’t be rolled back. The longer the time period, the more secure the network is, as there is more time for additional checks to be performed and reported but at the expense of finality. Finality is reached within 60 seconds between parachains but for external ecosystems like Ethereum their state obviously can’t be rolled back like a parachain and so finality will need to be much longer (60 minutes was suggested in the whitepaper) and discussed in more detail in part three
AvalancheAvalanche consensus achieves finality within 3 seconds, with most happening sub 1 second, immutable and completely irreversible. Any subnet can connect directly to another without having to go through multiple hops and any VM can talk to another VM within the same subnet as well as external subnets. It doesn’t need to wait for an extended period of time with risk of rollbacks.
ResultsWith regards to performance far too much emphasis is just put on tps as a metric, the other equally important metric, if not more important with regards to finance is latency. Throughput measures the amount of data at any given time that it can handle whereas latency is the amount of time it takes to perform an action. It’s pointless saying you can process more transactions per second than VISA when it takes 60 seconds for a transaction to complete. Low latency also greatly increases general usability and customer satisfaction, nowadays everyone expects card payments, online payments to happen instantly. Avalanche achieves the best results scoring ✅✅✅, Cosmos with comes in second with 6 second finality ✅✅ and Polkadot with 60 second finality (which may be 60 minutes for external blockchains) scores ✅
CosmosEvery Zone and Hub in Cosmos has their own validator set and different trust assumptions. Cosmos are researching a shared security model where a Hub can validate the state of connected zones for a fee but not released yet. Once available this will make shared security optional rather than mandatory.
PolkadotShared Security is mandatory with Polkadot which uses a Shared State infrastructure between the Relay Chain and all of the connected parachains. If the Relay Chain must revert for any reason, then all of the parachains would also revert. Every parachain makes the same trust assumptions, and as such the relay chain validates state transition and enables seamless interoperability between them. In return for this benefit, they have to purchase DOT and win an auction for one of the available parachain slots.
However, parachains can’t just rely on the relay chain for their security, they will also need to implement censorship resistance measures and utilise proof of work / proof of stake for each parachain as well as discussed in part three, thus parachains can’t just rely on the security of the relay chain, they need to ensure sybil resistance mechanisms using POW and POS are implemented on the parachain as well.
AvalancheA subnet in Avalanche consists of a dynamic set of validators working together to achieve consensus on the state of a set of many blockchains where complex rulesets can be configured to meet regulatory compliance. So unlike in Cosmos where each zone / hub has their own validators, A subnet can validate a single or many virtual machines / blockchains with a single validator set. Shared security is optional
ResultsShared security is mandatory in polkadot and a key design decision in its infrastructure. The relay chain validates the state transition of all connected parachains and thus scores ✅✅✅. Subnets in Avalanche can validate state of either a single or many virtual machines. Each subnet can have their own token and shares a validator set, where complex rulesets can be configured to meet regulatory compliance. It scores ✅ ✅. Every Zone and Hub in cosmos has their own validator set / token but research is underway to have the hub validate the state transition of connected zones, but as this is still early in the research phase scores ✅ for now.
CosmosThe Cosmos project started in 2016 with an ICO held in April 2017. There are currently around 50 projects building on the Cosmos SDK with a full list can be seen here and filtering for Cosmos SDK . Not all of the projects will necessarily connect using native cosmos sdk and IBC and some have forked parts of the Cosmos SDK and utilise the tendermint consensus such as Binance Chain but have said they will connect in the future.
PolkadotThe Polkadot project started in 2016 with an ICO held in October 2017. There are currently around 70 projects building on Substrate and a full list can be seen here and filtering for Substrate Based. Like with Cosmos not all projects built using substrate will necessarily connect to Polkadot and parachains or parathreads aren’t currently implemented in either the Live or Test network (Kusama) as of the time of this writing.
AvalancheAvalanche in comparison started much later with Ava Labs being founded in 2018. Avalanche held it’s ICO in July 2020. Due to lot shorter time it has been in development, the number of projects confirmed are smaller with around 14 projects currently building on Avalanche. Due to the customisability of the platform though, many virtual machines can be used within a subnet making the process incredibly easy to port projects over. As an example, it will launch with the Ethereum Virtual Machine which enables byte for byte compatibility and all the tooling like Metamask, Truffle etc. will work, so projects can easily move over to benefit from the performance, decentralisation and low gas fees offered. In the future Cosmos and Substrate virtual machines could be implemented on Avalanche.
ResultsWhilst it’s still early for all 3 projects (and the entire blockchain space as a whole), there is currently more projects confirmed to be building on Cosmos and Polkadot, mostly due to their longer time in development. Whilst Cosmos has fewer projects, zones are implemented compared to Polkadot which doesn’t currently have parachains. IBC to connect zones and hubs together is due to launch Q2 2021, thus both score ✅✅✅. Avalanche has been in development for a lot shorter time period, but is launching with an impressive feature set right from the start with ability to create subnets, VMs, assets, NFTs, permissioned and permissionless blockchains, cross chain atomic swaps within a subnet, smart contracts, bridge to Ethereum etc. Applications can easily port over from other platforms and use all the existing tooling such as Metamask / Truffle etc but benefit from the performance, decentralisation and low gas fees offered. Currently though just based on the number of projects in comparison it scores ✅.
CosmosCosmos enables permissioned and permissionless zones which can connect to each other with the ability to have full control over who validates the blockchain. For permissionless zones each zone / hub can have their own token and they are in control who validates.
PolkadotWith polkadot the state transition is performed by a small randomly selected assigned group of validators from the relay chain plus with the possibility that state is rolled back if an invalid transaction of any of the other parachains is found. This may pose a problem for enterprises that need complete control over who performs validation for regulatory reasons. In addition due to the limited number of parachain slots available Enterprises would have to acquire and lock up large amounts of a highly volatile asset (DOT) and have the possibility that they are outbid in future auctions and find they no longer can have their parachain validated and parathreads don’t provide the guaranteed performance requirements for the application to function.
AvalancheAvalanche enables permissioned and permissionless subnets and complex rulesets can be configured to meet regulatory compliance. For example a subnet can be created where its mandatory that all validators are from a certain legal jurisdiction, or they hold a specific license and regulated by the SEC etc. Subnets are also able to scale to tens of thousands of validators, and even potentially millions of nodes, all participating in consensus so every enterprise can run their own node rather than only a small amount. Enterprises don’t have to hold large amounts of a highly volatile asset, but instead pay a fee in AVAX for the creation of the subnets and blockchains which is burnt.
ResultsAvalanche provides the customisability to run private permissioned blockchains as well as permissionless where the enterprise is in control over who validates the blockchain, with the ability to use complex rulesets to meet regulatory compliance, thus scores ✅✅✅. Cosmos is also able to run permissioned and permissionless zones / hubs so enterprises have full control over who validates a blockchain and scores ✅✅. Polkadot requires locking up large amounts of a highly volatile asset with the possibility of being outbid by competitors and being unable to run the application if the guaranteed performance is required and having to migrate away. The relay chain validates the state transition and can roll back the parachain should an invalid block be detected on another parachain, thus scores ✅.
CosmosCosmos will connect Hubs and Zones together through its IBC protocol (due to release in Q1 2020). Connecting to blockchains outside of the Cosmos ecosystem would either require the connected blockchain to fork their code to implement IBC or more likely a custom “Peg Zone” will be created specific to work with a particular blockchain it’s trying to bridge to such as Ethereum etc. Each Zone and Hub has different trust levels and connectivity between 2 zones can have different trust depending on which path it takes (this is discussed more in this article). Finality time is low at 6 seconds, but depending on the number of hops, this can increase significantly.
PolkadotPolkadot’s shared state means each parachain that connects shares the same trust assumptions, of the relay chain validators and that if one blockchain needs to be reverted, all of them will need to be reverted. Interoperability is enabled between parachains through Cross-Chain Message Passing (XCMP) protocol and is also possible to connect to other systems through bridges, which are specifically designed parachains or parathreads that each are custom made to interact with another ecosystem such as Ethereum and Bitcoin. Finality time between parachains is around 60 seconds, but longer will be needed (initial figures of 60 minutes in the whitepaper) for connecting to external blockchains. Thus limiting the appeal of connecting two external ecosystems together through Polkadot. Polkadot is also limited in the number of Parachain slots available, thus limiting the amount of blockchains that can be bridged. Parathreads could be used for lower performance bridges, but the speed of future blockchains is only going to increase.
AvalancheA subnet can validate multiple virtual machines / blockchains and all blockchains within a subnet share the same trust assumptions / validator set, enabling cross chain interoperability. Interoperability is also possible between any other subnet, with the hope Avalanche will consist of thousands of subnets. Each subnet may have a different trust level, but as the primary network consists of all validators then this can be used as a source of trust if required. As Avalanche supports many virtual machines, bridges to other ecosystems are created by running the connected virtual machine. There will be an Ethereum bridge using the EVM shortly after mainnet. Finality time is much faster at sub 3 seconds (with most happening under 1 second) with no chance of rolling back so more appealing when connecting to external blockchains.
ResultsAll 3 systems are able to perform interoperability within their ecosystem and transfer assets as well as data, as well as use bridges to connect to external blockchains. Cosmos has different trust levels between its zones and hubs and can create issues depending on which path it takes and additional latency added. Polkadot provides the same trust assumptions for all connected parachains but has long finality and limited number of parachain slots available. Avalanche provides the same trust assumptions for all blockchains within a subnet, and different trust levels between subnets. However due to the primary network consisting of all validators it can be used for trust. Avalanche also has a much faster finality time with no limitation on the number of blockchains / subnets / bridges that can be created. Overall all three blockchains excel with interoperability within their ecosystem and each score ✅✅.
CosmosThe ATOM token is the native token for the Cosmos Hub. It is commonly mistaken by people that think it’s the token used throughout the cosmos ecosystem, whereas it’s just used for one of many hubs in Cosmos, each with their own token. Currently ATOM has little utility as IBC isn’t released and has no connections to other zones / hubs. Once IBC is released zones may prefer to connect to a different hub instead and so ATOM is not used. ATOM isn’t a fixed capped supply token and supply will continuously increase with a yearly inflation of around 10% depending on the % staked. The current market cap for ATOM as of the time of this writing is $1 Billion with 203 million circulating supply. Rewards can be earnt through staking to offset the dilution caused by inflation. Delegators can also get slashed and lose a portion of their ATOM should the validator misbehave.
PolkadotPolkadot’s native token is DOT and it’s used to secure the Relay Chain. Each parachain needs to acquire sufficient DOT to win an auction on an available parachain lease period of up to 24 months at a time. Parathreads have a fixed fee for registration that would realistically be much lower than the cost of acquiring a parachain slot and compete with other parathreads in a per-block auction to have their transactions included in the next relay chain block. DOT isn’t a fixed capped supply token and supply will continuously increase with a yearly inflation of around 10% depending on the % staked. The current market cap for DOT as of the time of this writing is $4.4 Billion with 852 million circulating supply. Delegators can also get slashed and lose their DOT (potentially 100% of their DOT for serious attacks) should the validator misbehave.
AvalancheAVAX is the native token for the primary network in Avalanche. Every validator of any subnet also has to validate the primary network and stake a minimum of 2000 AVAX. There is no limit to the number of validators like other consensus methods then this can cater for tens of thousands even potentially millions of validators. As every validator validates the primary network, this can be a source of trust for interoperability between subnets as well as connecting to other ecosystems, thus increasing amount of transaction fees of AVAX. There is no slashing in Avalanche, so there is no risk to lose your AVAX when selecting a validator, instead rewards earnt for staking can be slashed should the validator misbehave. Because Avalanche doesn’t have direct slashing, it is technically possible for someone to both stake AND deliver tokens for something like a flash loan, under the invariant that all tokens that are staked are returned, thus being able to make profit with staked tokens outside of staking itself.
There will also be a separate subnet for Athereum which is a ‘spoon,’ or friendly fork, of Ethereum, which benefits from the Avalanche consensus protocol and applications in the Ethereum ecosystem. It’s native token ATH will be airdropped to ETH holders as well as potentially AVAX holders as well. This can be done for other blockchains as well.
Transaction fees on the primary network for all 3 of the blockchains as well as subscription fees for creating a subnet and blockchain are paid in AVAX and are burnt, creating deflationary pressure. AVAX is a fixed capped supply of 720 million tokens, creating scarcity rather than an unlimited supply which continuously increase of tokens at a compounded rate each year like others. Initially there will be 360 tokens minted at Mainnet with vesting periods between 1 and 10 years, with tokens gradually unlocking each quarter. The Circulating supply is 24.5 million AVAX with tokens gradually released each quater. The current market cap of AVAX is around $100 million.
ResultsAvalanche’s AVAX with its fixed capped supply, deflationary pressure, very strong utility, potential to receive air drops and low market cap, means it scores ✅✅✅. Polkadot’s DOT also has very strong utility with the need for auctions to acquire parachain slots, but has no deflationary mechanisms, no fixed capped supply and already valued at $3.8 billion, therefore scores ✅✅. Cosmos’s ATOM token is only for the Cosmos Hub, of which there will be many hubs in the ecosystem and has very little utility currently. (this may improve once IBC is released and if Cosmos hub actually becomes the hub that people want to connect to and not something like Binance instead. There is no fixed capped supply and currently valued at $1.1 Billion, so scores ✅.
All three are excellent projects and have similarities as well as many differences. Just to reiterate this article is not intended to be an extensive in-depth list, but rather an overview based on some of the criteria that I feel are most important. For a more in-depth view I recommend reading the articles for each of the projects linked above and coming to your own conclusions, you may have different criteria which is important to you, and score them differently. There won’t be one platform to rule them all however, with some uses cases better suited to one platform over another, and it’s not a zero-sum game. Blockchain is going to completely revolutionize industries and the Internet itself. The more projects researching and delivering breakthrough technology the better, each learning from each other and pushing each other to reach that goal earlier. The current market is a tiny speck of what’s in store in terms of value and adoption and it’s going to be exciting to watch it unfold.
For more information see the articles below (each with additional sources at the bottom of their articles)
Avalanche, a Revolutionary Consensus Engine and Platform. A Game Changer for Blockchain
Avalanche Consensus, The Biggest Breakthrough since Nakamoto
Cosmos — An Early In-Depth Analysis — Part One
Cosmos — An Early In-Depth Analysis — Part Two
Cosmos Hub ATOM Token and the commonly misunderstood staking tokens — Part Three
Polkadot — An Early In-Depth Analysis — Part One — Overview and Benefits
Polkadot — An Early In-Depth Analysis — Part Two — How Consensus Works
Polkadot — An Early In-Depth Analysis — Part Three — Limitations and Issues
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